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Lecture 6

FMST 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Parenting Styles, Relational Aggression


Family Studies
Course Code
FMST 210
Maria Weatherby

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Overt and Relational Aggression (outcomes) in Russian Nursery School-Age Children: Parenting Style and
Marital Linkages (predictors)
Hart et al., 1998
Research Study #7: To be discussed: March 31
1. Summarize the section entitled “Social and
Historical Context”, which outlines relevant themes in parenting and education in the Soviet Union (i.e., before the
USSR was dissolved into independent post-Soviet states on Dec 25, 1991). Set up your answer using the five sub-
headings below. Provide bulleted key points/themes under each sub-heading below:
1. Former Soviet Union Child-Rearing Methods/Goals,
Agents of socialization (methods/goals)
2. Role of the Soviet Government Versus Role of Parents,
Agents of socialization (role of parents)
3. Specific Child-Rearing Practices adopted by Soviet Parents,
No corporal punishment, responsive and nurturing, instead of spanking they used reasoning, government
authoritarian, parents authoritative
4. Style of Discipline adopted by Soviet Educators,
Agents of socialization (educators) not nurturing, emotionally distant, strict, consistent with government’s
authoritarian style
5. Style of Discipline favored in Russia - after the Soviet-Union was dissolved in 1991
After USSR split up into individual countries and how it influenced:
Western ideology spreading, more democracy, practices that included independent thinking, more
autonomy. Parent individual role, more diversity, parents will do things the way they want to do it
2. What is the stated “primary aim” of the
current study (p. 688)?
-If the western patterns are consistent in Russia or do they have different ones
-If the predictors in the US are also in Russia (Parenting Style and Marital)
3. Identify the single positive and two
negative aspects of parenting that the current study investigated.
-Responsiveness (attachment)
-Coercion, and psychologically control
4. Define responsive parent-child interactions
(as conceptualized in the Western literature).
-Parent responds to child’s cues in a sensitive way
-Emergent another word for being responsive
-If I’m emergent as a parent, my behavior emerges based on what the child needs
-Versus a Pre-planned parent, already figured out how they’re gonna interact  not responsive
5. Coercion is the practice of forcing someone
to do something that they would not voluntarily do on their own. Coercion techniques include any physical or non-
physical method of pressuring or forcing someone to do something. Does research consistently find a link between
parental coercion and child aggression? Explain.
-Power assertion another word for coercion
-Forcing a child to do something, can be physical or non-physical
-Usually do not find a link between coercion and child aggression in African American parenting, parents
need to teach their child to obey. Could be dangerous not to, based on discrimination and current police-black
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