FMST 210 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Graphic Organizer, Rein, Phonics

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B. cognitive theories: (1) piaget, (2) vygotsky, and (3) information processing. 4) bandura self-efficacy: piaget"s cognitive-developmental theory (concepts in bold) Piaget was interested in investigating how humans logically reason from infancy to adolescence. Piaget believed that maturation or age set the parameters for what was possible in terms of logical thinking (nature). Piaget stated that humans sort information acquired from everyday discovery into their mental schemas (neurons?). According to piaget, our minds consist of an infinite number of schemas, which guide how we perceive, interpret, explore, and understand our experiences. Finally, piaget stated that information we acquire from our everyday experiences is either assimilated or accommodated into our schemes. Contrasting the two mechanisms that result in schematic growth: Assimilation is the easiest method because it does not require a great deal of mental or schematic adjustment. When we assimilate information, the information is simply incorporated into an existing schema.

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