Task saturation people too busy, cannot plan effectively. Personality: introverts think about selves first, extroverts interested in others. Affects way information gathered, processes: introverts: don"t seek outside help, extroverts: ask questions when need help. Proactive accept responsibility for own decisions. Reactive overly affected by outside forces. Planning is a series of decisions concerning future standards. What is a plan? and sequences of action. Contingency plans (backup plan: people don"t want it to be used, because this is not the primary choice. Strategic plan: year of retirement, where to go to university, business or other institutions would have these strategic plans. For example, a person may think he would be happy enough if he could get a c in this course. Another person may think he must get an a to gain the same level of happiness: quantity criteria. On a topic of interest to you correct grammar, sentence structure. How activities are ordered: independent activities, dovetailing (multitasking, overlapping activities, interdependent.