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Lecture 18

GEOG 121 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Colonial India, Permanent Settlement, John Stuart Mill

Course Code
GEOG 121
Jim Glassman

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Global& Core*Periphery& Structure:& In& the&diagram,& you& can& see&that&in& the&core&
"A"&structure& is&smaller& than&periphery& "A"&to&indicate& the&leaders&that&creates&
these& core&periphery& structures
"A"&is&the&dominant& class& while&"B"&is&the&dominated& class
Varieties& of&Imperialism:& Settler&Colonialism/Colonialism/Neo*colonialism
Colonial& India& (1856):& "Princely& States",& where& local& rulers& are&allowed& to& rule& if&
they& don't&interfere& with& British& colonies
1757:& Battle&of&Plassey:& War&between& East& Indian& Company& against&
merchants,& there& were& also& collaboration& between& local& elites& +& the&
1793:& Permanent& Settlement:& Allow& tax&collection& by&local& elites& for&the&
company,& as&well& as&increase& for&rends& on& land& that&they& owned& **>& this&
strengthened& how& established& locals& were
1813:& End& of&East&India& company& monopoly,& due& to&other& competitors& and&
introduction& of& free&trade
1840s:& British& promotion& of& "free&trade",& there& were&a&lot&of&oppositions&
as&the&British& didn't& permit& free& trade&before& to&monopolize
1857:& Indian& rebellion& against& that&(establishment& of&Raj)
1942*47:& Quit&India& Campaign:& Collaboration& with& local& elites& contributed&
to&the&establishment& of&Quit& India&Campaign
Major& Indian& Colonial& Development
Effects& of&British& Colonialism& on&rural& class& structure:& Although& it&is&considered& a&
failure& as&it&did& not& raise& living& standards,& it&was&argued& that&the& enforcement& of&
local& elites& enforced& better& rule&and& efficient& authority
Zamindars& (a&local&elite& group)& allowed& to&raise& rents,& thus& leading& to&
peasants& being& ejected& from& lands& (no& more& farming& opportunities)& and&
the&need& to&find& wage&work& to&satisfy& taxes&+&rent&=&e.g.& agricultural&
workers& in& indigo& plantations
Cotton& weavers& given& advances& from& EIC,& which& were& "pauperized"& out& of&
existence& and& then& forced& to&take&wage&jobs
Effects& of&British& Colonialism& on&Indian& Labor:
Import& duties& (1814)&
Trade& under& British& Colonialism
1814*1844:& British& Cotton& goods& exports& to&India& rose,& while& Indian&
exports& to&Britian& decreased
Effects& of&colonialism& on&Indian& Manufacturing:&
Railroads& that&were& constructed& for& trade&created& better& distribution&
Economy& is& becoming& more& monetized,& where& grains& were&needed& to&be&
purchases& thus& causing& shortages& in& producing& regions& from& lack&of& money
This& then& lead& to&famines& during& British& and& Bengal/Behar& rule
Agricultural& output& did& not&increase& ultimately
Effects& of&colonialism& on&Indian& Food& Consumption:
Population& increase,& crop& production& increase,& food& crop& production&
Effects& of&British& Colonialism& on&Peasant& Welfare:
Liberalism:& Political& democracy,& the& idea&of&free&markets& and& free&trade,&
this& particular& philosophy& could& be&arguably& the&biggest& representation& of&
British& rule& in& India
Political& Philosophies&
John& Stuart& Mill&
The,Economic,and,Agricultural, Transformation, of,Colonial, India, (19th<20th, Century)
Lecture' 18'Notes
Tuesday,& 27& October,& 2015
10:15& pm
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