GEOG 121 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Lord William Bentinck, Indian National Congress, Mughal Empire

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22 Apr 2016
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Varieties of imperialism: settler colonialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism. Divide and rule strategy, allowed local leaders to express power if they supported the british empire. Major indian colonial developments: 1757: battle of plassey. Local conflicts with merchant groups, company wants to battle people who didn"t support company. No fighting, army bribed into supporting british east indian company(british: 1793: permanent settlement. Made population work for them to pay for taxes, more peasants to look for work with cash income: 1813: end of east india company monopoly. Owned by the british government: 1840s: british promotion of free trade , 1857: indian rebellion, establishment of raj. British realized they would need to implement colonial rule and develop a political body in. India, pull potential leaders (train) into the ideas of british colonial rule: 1885: establishment of congress party, 1942-47: quit india campaign. Leaders trained to support british rule but backfired into fighting against british rule.

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