In 1945 singapore and indonesia were both colonies of european countries (uk and the. 2014 singapore per capita income = ,086 (3rd in world) 2014 indonesia per capita income = ,651 (102nd in world) Colonialism and the classic internaional division of labour: Spain, portugal, netherlands at their colonial peak 1st colonial wave (1415-1825) Britain and france at their colonial peak 2nd colonial wave (1825-1969: britain with 100+ colonies on its own. Want for primary resources and cheap labour. Internaional division of labour = the geography of global specializaion and producion. Classic form: colonial countries specialise in manufacturing, colonies in the producion of primary goods (natural resources) New internaional division of labour (nidl): frobel, j. heinrichs, and o. krey, the new internaional division of labour (1980) Increasing emergence of industrialising countries in the global south: the newly industrialised. Economies (countries) : four tigers singapore, hong-kong, taiwan, korea.