Monday, 18 april, 2016. Socialism with chinese characteristics (no class) 1911, qing dynasty overthrown: china becomes a republic. Two main political factions that are initially united: nationalist party (kuomintang, Kmt) [san yat sen, chiang kai shek], and the communist party of china (cpc) [mao ze. Civil war between two factions from 1927 onwards. Japanese invade china 1937 and when wwii ends ( rape of nanking ) Declares birth of peoples republic of china (prc), oct 1st, 1949, tiananmen. The great leap forward (1958- 1963) Second five- year plan: the great leap forward. Agriculutral collectivisation on communal farms (a la stalin) plus back- yeard furnaces . Estimates of resulting deaths vary from 35- 40m people. Mao fearing a lessening of his power launches an internal (cultural) revolution. Against the four olds : ideas, cultural customs, habits. Re- education or worse done to those taking the capitalist road and enforced by the. Deng xiaoping sent to a car factory.