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Lecture 8

GEOG 357 Lecture 8: L8

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GEOG 357
Valerie Carolyn Prouse

Critical Race Geographies: What is race? Race: o A modern concept that categorizes groups of people generally based on(but not limited to) physical attributes Hierarchizes humanity Takes groups of people = divides people Occurs in a framework of White Supremacy Came into being though colonial encounters October 12th, 1492: o Columbus discovered the new world Arrived on island of what is now called Barbados Under auspices of Catholic Monarchs of Spain Initiated Spanish Colonization Explore, trade, conquer, exploit Religious conversion and question of souls o Questioning of the human through people labeled indios by the Spanish and Portuguese o Nelson Maldonaldo misanthropic skepticalism o Underpins modern idea of race Scientific revolution (17 Century Europe) o Rene Descartes Discourse on Method, 1637 : Cogito Ergo Sum Rational Man Enlightenment (18 Century Europe) o Stadia Theory of Development: Argued all societies pass through series of four stages Hunting and Gathering Pastoralism and nomadism Agriculture Commerce Monogenist theories of race o Idea that all humans descended from a common pair of ancestors o Common humanity Progressive separation of man from nature o Different races exist at different points on evolutionary line o Overcoming nature Humanity expressed through cultivation of nature Polygenist theories of race o Different races have diferent origins and diverse genetic makeup Robert Knox: Scottish anatomist, zoologist, ethnologist, doctor Wrote the races of men Can crossbreed, but mized races les fertile voer time People tied to environment: difficulty surviving where youre not from o Coincided with rise and craniology and phrenology Race as a social construct
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