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Lecture 9

GEOG 357 Lecture 9: L9

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University of British Columbia
GEOG 357
Valerie Carolyn Prouse

Racial Formation: Brazil and the US Racial formation: o the process by which social, economic and political forces determine the content and importance of racial categories, and by which they are in term shaped by racial meanings o Race is a Social construct that varies historically and sociospatially Brazil: Slavery: o Enslavement of indigenous people o Transatlantic slave trade Racial ideology: Miscegenation o Gilberto Freyre Dual nature of Portuguese colonialism o Elimination of indigenous people Eliminating indigenous people by having them procreate with Portuguese Ethnic mixing o Racial identities Brazil? But: White Supremacy Framework o Policy: Whitening Ideal o Science Eugenics ideology based on Lamarckian Genetics Change genes though culture o Legal Outlawing AfroBrazillian activities (e.g capoeira; funk) death following resistance o Economic: Higher wage jobs Disproportionately white Lower wage jobs Done by coloured people United States: Racial Ideology: o Related to triadic nature of settler colonialism(Tuck and Yang) Jim Crow to Mass Incarceration: Institutional racism o Societial behavioral patterns that negatively affect a particular racial group o Norms, standards, policies written and unwritten that guide racial discrimination in societal organizations and institutions o Is a result of ongoing sociohistorical racialization e.g racial profiling supreme lending in 1990s, lead to housing crises University curriculum Racial exploitation:
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