Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 4
The Soviet-American Nuclear Rivalry: The Benefits to the Common Good
The first time the nuclear weapon was used, it led to the death of thousands of innocent
Japanese civilians in Nagasaki and Hiroshima, leaving Japan’s economy crippled for many years.
The impact of the nuclear weapon was so profound that it caused Stalin administration to
concentrate its effort on increasing its military potential which later on, was joined by nations
such as China, France, and North Korea as a part of their defensive military strategy.
Nonetheless, each nation realizes that no one benefits if nuclear war did occur. Gradually, the
notion that mutual cooperation is needed to handle nuclear weapon led to the effort to promote
global peace through the establishment of the United Nations in 1945 (Keylor 196).
From the perspective of international relations, the need to have mutual cooperation in
tackling the issue of nuclear weapon arises from each nation’s self-interest to remain peaceful
and to protect its economic interest. This is demonstrated by the US Secretary of State, John F.
Dulles who views that the US commitment of wars inAsia, economic aid to other nations, and
military expenditures are not a sustainable way to preserve the global security (Dulles). Such
view then becomes one of the bases for the formation of global alliances such as the United
Nations. Under the alliance, nations are willing to forego their short term interests for the
benefits of the common good in the long term.
The year 1954 was truly a sensitive period whereby the US and the Soviet Union could
easily start a global nuclear war. This view is expressed by General LeMay during the briefing on
US plans for nuclear warfare in 1954 where he confessed his disinterest in engaging a preventive
war (LeMay). Such a hostile view heightened the possibility of nuclear war which was depicted
in the film entitled Dr. Strangelove. Nonetheless, the casualties that were observed by the world
in Japan have prevented the leaders from each nation to start a nuclear war. Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 4
1) Did the Soviet-American nuclear rivalry actually help promote global peace?
- in part, yes. Not only Soviet that has been overwhelmed by such magnitude of weapon
mass of destruction but the world too
- from the perspective of international relations: there are no winners in the nuclear war
- the concern pertaining the nuclear war led to th