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University of British Columbia
HIST 103
Jeffrey Byrne

Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman Week 7 18499129 Education as the Undermining Force of State Sovereignty Notably, before the 1960s, majority of the global population were uneducated. The access to education, regardless of the demographic region, was primarily limited to the privileged i.e. the aristocrats and the royal families. This form of extractive institution where only the few benefit at the expense of the many caused the society at that time to be vulnerable to political manipulation to fulfill the upper-class’self-interests due to the lack of social awareness. Nonetheless, beginning the period in 1960s, there was an upward trend for the attendance to universities with the United States leading the progress of mass education (Three Students). Accompanying the trend was the proliferation of social movements mostly organized by students to voice out their opinions. Hence, in this reading response, I will argue that education was the primary force that eroded the state sovereignty in the second half of the twentieth century. Rudolf Dutschke, a student protester will be an exemplar of a student protester that led the student protest movement in the 1960s. The major factor at play that led towards this progress is arguably the form of education received by Dutschke. He attended the Free University, an educational institution initiated by the United States and Federal Republic of West Germany which helped to subvert the Communist movement (Suri). With education being made accessible to a larger population, more students became vocal in voicing their opinions. In terms of the issues brought up, they were various types but by basing on the causes fought by Dutschke, the protest movement he led were against the West German government,American influence and the element of “Fascism” into capitalist democracy (Suri). Besides increasing the youth awareness, education also increases social mobility. It is through education that individuals are able to climb the social ladder.As a result, in the 1960s in Europe, there was an expansion of the middle-class group. The middle-class group is very important, particularly to those with political power
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