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Reading Response W8 HIS 103.docx

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University of British Columbia
HIST 103
Jeffrey Byrne

Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 8 HIST 103 101 Fundamental Commonalities between Fascism, Liberalism and Communism The first half of the 20 century was not only a period of territorial expansion; it was also a period of ideological expansion. Fascism, liberalism, and communism were the dominating ideologies that advanced the outbreaks of World War I and World War II. By comparing those ideologies, it can be learned that some of the ideologies overlap one another to some extent. The main advocate of fascism in the 1920s wasAdolf Hitler. Under this system, individuals are allowed to own means of production but with a condition that their businesses will serve the national interests. In a similar degree, under the liberal system, individuals own means of production without the obligation to serve the national interests. On the contrary, under communism, individuals do not own either private property or means of production. When it comes to race, liberalism and communism possess a considerable amount of similarity. Under these systems, no one is more superior to the other. Everyone is the same. This is not the case in fascism where the case can be observed by how Hitler treated the Jews. Hitler’s belief that the Jews are sub-humans or the fact that he considered the Jews as “cancer’reflected the Social Darwinist side of him (Keylor). As for global affairs, fascism and communism are rather insular.Afascist country believes that it would be fatal for its economy to depend excessively on foreign trade. This is evident from the Great Depression in 1920s whereby US market stock’s crash affected other countries that had a trade relationship with the US. On the opposite, a liberal country is very open in its policy where it emphasizes on the importance of having multilateral and unilateral trade relationships. Overall, by comparing fascism, liberalism and communism, it can be seen that they overlap one another to some extent in their foundation. Considering economics, race, nationalism, and global affairs, compare the principle beliefs and motivations of fascism, liberalism, and communism.Are there any fundamental commonalities? Fascism Liberalism Communism Economics Encourage private Power belongs to the No private property. ownership but with a people condition that the Everyone will receive businesses the national the same outcome. interest Strive to achieve a classless society. The Recognize the people doesn’t have importance of the any right to vote or people. But state is choose their entrusted with the government. What’s decision making under more to own a the pretext the property decision is for the common good. Race Social Darwinism – Everyone is the same. Striving towards a for example, Hitler’s Have equal opportunity classless society. view that the German to exerci
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