Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 8
HIST 103 101
Fundamental Commonalities between Fascism, Liberalism and Communism
The first half of the 20 century was not only a period of territorial expansion; it was also
a period of ideological expansion. Fascism, liberalism, and communism were the dominating
ideologies that advanced the outbreaks of World War I and World War II. By comparing those
ideologies, it can be learned that some of the ideologies overlap one another to some extent.
The main advocate of fascism in the 1920s wasAdolf Hitler. Under this system,
individuals are allowed to own means of production but with a condition that their businesses
will serve the national interests. In a similar degree, under the liberal system, individuals own
means of production without the obligation to serve the national interests. On the contrary, under
communism, individuals do not own either private property or means of production.
When it comes to race, liberalism and communism possess a considerable amount of
similarity. Under these systems, no one is more superior to the other. Everyone is the same. This
is not the case in fascism where the case can be observed by how Hitler treated the Jews. Hitler’s
belief that the Jews are sub-humans or the fact that he considered the Jews as “cancer’reflected
the Social Darwinist side of him (Keylor).
As for global affairs, fascism and communism are rather insular.Afascist country
believes that it would be fatal for its economy to depend excessively on foreign trade. This is
evident from the Great Depression in 1920s whereby US market stock’s crash affected other
countries that had a trade relationship with the US. On the opposite, a liberal country is very
open in its policy where it emphasizes on the importance of having multilateral and unilateral
Overall, by comparing fascism, liberalism and communism, it can be seen that they
overlap one another to some extent in their foundation. Considering economics, race, nationalism, and global affairs, compare the principle beliefs and
motivations of fascism, liberalism, and communism.Are there any fundamental commonalities?
Fascism Liberalism Communism
Economics Encourage private Power belongs to the No private property.
ownership but with a people
condition that the
Everyone will receive
businesses the national
the same outcome.
Strive to achieve a
classless society. The
Recognize the people doesn’t have
importance of the any right to vote or
people. But state is choose their
entrusted with the government. What’s
decision making under more to own a
the pretext the property
decision is for the
Race Social Darwinism – Everyone is the same. Striving towards a
for example, Hitler’s Have equal opportunity classless society.
view that the German to exerci