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HIST 103
Jeffrey Byrne

Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 9 HIST 103 101 Imperialism:AProduct of Economic Exploitation and Political Inequality Imperialism in this critical reading will be defined as a superior power’s domination over an inferior power motivated politically and economically. By specifically focusing on the British colonization in India in the 1940s, I would like to opine that the motivation behind British Imperialism is, in actuality, an overlap between economic exploitation and political inequality. To begin, the British invasion in India in the 1900s was primarily due to its economic interest; it needed to find resources for its economic activities. Due to that, India was regarded as a ‘jewel in Britain’s crown’(Kinney).As for its political gains, it was deemed necessary for the British to retain its territory in India in order to establish its credibility as the most dominant power in the world which will benefit its foreign relationship in various aspects. When the anti-colonial uprising led by Mohandas K. Gandhi and Jawahrlal Nehru began to prevail, the British decided to label the progress as revolutionary movements that create instability in India whilst maintaining that their presence in India is necessary under the pretext to protect the Indian princes. Ironically, it was them who massacred approximately 400 unarmed Indian citizens during a peace gathering atAmritsar Bagh (Kinney). In addition, it was also them who dragged India in the British-Japanese conflict for power. These examples are among the few that prove that the British just appeared to be altruistic in their action when in reality, it was purely an imperialist mission. In conclusion, imperialism is a product of economic exploitation and political inequality. It is usually difficult to discern the motivation behind an imperialist’s action as they tend to appear as being altruist to the colonized countries under some pretexts. Just like what have been outlined in Gandhi’s principle of non-violent non-cooperation, it is better for a state not to accept a foreign intervention in handling one’s affair and bribe as there tend to be an underlying motivation. Nurul Hanisah Kamarul Zaman (18499129) Week 9 HIST 103 101 1) Is it economic exploitation or political inequality that defines imperialism? - It could be both. See how Winston defends it. Something about Jewel of ??? - Political sense = grants power and prestige, economic exploitation = economic power  It can overlap since to possess the credibility as a big power, you have to be a strong economic power and to having a belief helps with establishing a vision  a way of developing a collective sense 2) What are the British motivations for holding onto India? 3) Colonialism seems outdated to us today, but can you find any reasons to argue that Churchills’ desire to hold onto India was actually somewhat realistic and possible? Amritsar Massacre - Rowlatt Acts: a wide range of emergency powers to deal with anti-colonial protests - Miles Irving was reporting about a general strike by the Congress Party. In the letter:  Suggests for an increase in the military forces. Not having any aid will cause the British Army to be vulnerable to any attack. Also because they are not equipped with good weaponry. Irving then requested for better type of munition that can fulfill the purpose of defending the Brit  Should preve
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