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Week 9 Reading HIST 103.docx

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HIST 103
Jeffrey Byrne

Week 9 The “Yellow Peril” - Vast number of Asian population growth Overpopulation - Europe’s overpopulation in the 19 century - Japan’s (1872-1930)  Ultimately triggered colonization abroad Slums/bidonvilles - Resulting from overpopulation - More cities build, and more people move to citices. Thus creating disproportionate in demographic distribution - Slums were created Kipande system - Like passport system - Introduced in Kenya  not exactly like passport - police will come knocking to check Kipande and ask where one work Gezira Irrigation Scheme (in 1925) - Massive dams - To support agriculture activities African National Congress (ANC) National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) Article 22 of the League of Nations Covenant - about League of Nation Mandate  the rights possessed by different colonials to terrorize other states - Treaty of Sèvres, 1920 - Ottoman Sultan abandon claim to Turkey’s realm  pressured by Entente Mustafa Kemal “Atatürk” - Turkish National Liberation  tried to kick Entente out Caliphate - Or also called successor to the prophet had been the head of Islamic Ottoman Empire and claim authority over all Muslim faithful - In 1924, Ataturk abolished this in his attempt to establish a secular state Reza Khan, Shah - Westernization in India  through appearance - Assisted by British British Raj, 1858-1947 - period of British rulership Indian National Congress Party - Founded by Naoroji – the guy who was utterly impressed with Western civilization - Anti-Colonial Party  headed by Gandhi Amritsar Massacre, 1919 - Basically a movement against anti-colonial protests led by figures such as Mohandas Gandhi - Amritsar is the location where the meeting of the protest was held, attended by 10K - The person responsible for the massacre was General Dyer - Letter by Miles Irving  Requesting for additional armament and company of soldiers  Pressed for an end to the protest - General Dyer’s Report:  The firing with the intention to produce the necessary moral and widespread effect  “no longer a question of merely dispersing the crowd, but one of producing a sufficient moral effect from a military point of view” - Statement Before the Hunter Committee  Dyer already made up his mind about killing the protesters  blocked one of the exists which caused the crowd to be trapped  If he delayed any longer, he would be liable for court-martial  Dyer stood on his belief that the shooting is necessary to create a ‘wide impression’ from his military point of view  to reduce the morale of rebels - Eye-witness Accounts of the Massacre  All exits were blocked - Rattan Devi Statement  Children, armless civilians were shot - British Newspaper  Criticized Dyer’s action Mohandas K. Gandhi [201 – 202] - took a legal position in South Africa and developed sayat
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