Class Notes (839,150)
Canada (511,218)
History (317)
HIST 325 (17)

hist 325-1.docx

2 Pages

Course Code
HIST 325
Jonathan Newell

This preview shows 80% of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Treaty 8: An Enigma of BC History  Key points about numbered Treaties: ◦ Federal government assumed responsibility for native people in Rupert's Land TransferAct of 1868 ◦ Treaties were part of that responsibility ◦ Goal: to facilitate peaceful development of newly acquired territory ▪ Share between agricultural and hunting ▪ Warfare in US set bad example for Canada (cowboys chasing Indians) ▪ Canadians knew warfare was expensive and inhumane and would put them behind schedule for a developed and independent country ◦ Provided: ▪ Reserves (community-based) ▪ Lump-sum payments at signing ▪ Annuities (annual payment per person) for land (not welfare) ▪ Livelihood rights on undeveloped off-reserve land --> natives can use land until land is taken and used (by whites) ◦ Treaty 8 first treaty beyond Rupert's Land ▪ River went toArctic, not Hudson's Bay ▪ Rich in oil and gas  Treaty 8: ◦ Who lived there in the 1890s? ▪ Athabasca speakers (ex. Chipewyan) andAlgonquian speakers (ex. Cree) ▪ Sparsely populated ▪ Small, mobile groups ▪ Buffalo-hunting, fishing, subsistent people ◦ What was nature of aboriginal economy in the 1890s? ▪ Hunting-fishing economy ▪ Part of fur trade ▪ Income from trapping (meat, fur) for commercial and subsistent purposes ▪ Subject to periodic shortages due to normal fluctuations (nature's course) ▪ Petitioned for treaty before government was ready ▪ Annuities gave flexibil
More Less
Unlock Document

Only 80% of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.