Class Notes (837,487)
Canada (510,274)
History (317)
HIST 325 (17)
Lecture

hist 325-1.docx

3 Pages
41 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 325
Professor
Jonathan Newell
Semester
Winter

Description
Treaty 8, 1899: Review  First treaty outside Rupert's Land; last signed in the 19 century  Klondike Gold Rush (all Canadian, back-door routes) the catalyst  Encompassed federal and provincial (BC) jurisdictions, which had dissimilar treaty-making traditions  It included major ambiguities; basis of the boundaries on official map unknown. Boundary ambiguities are significant to aboriginal rights today (e.g. oil & gas)  Government of Canada assumed responsibility for all of Rupert's land through the Rupert's Land TransferAct, 1868-1870, when HBC sold to Canada (year after confederation in 1867)  Treaties were part of that responsibility (Canada assumed responsibility for aboriginal peoples and their rights). Treaties had to guarantee Indians access to Indian lands and traditional livelihoods  Another goal of treaty making was also to facilitate peaceful development of newly acquired territory.  BC joined Canada in 1871  Warfare south of border; not wanting that in Canada: financial costs (Canada borrowed 1.5 million to buy Rupert's Land, so must avoid delay in settling and developing the land; peaceful, swift settlement the goal).  Provided reserves set aside for community reserves; Indians to choose the areas  Provided lump-sum payments at signing  Provided annuities.Aform of delayed payment, in perpetuity. Cash payment annually  Provided livelihood rights for traditional vocation on off-reserve undeveloped land  1870s: buffalos rapid decline (important to natives and metis as food and clothes)  Key questions: ◦ Who lived in the area in the 1890s? ◦ What was the nature of the aboriginal economy of the 1890s? ◦ How did the federal government manage to get BC on board when BC didn't want to recognizeAboriginal title? ◦ Why were there western boundary ambiguities and issues? Entering the Next Century: Imagining a National Economy and Capturing/opening the Prairie West  Optimism of the new century ◦ “I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the 20 century” Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier ◦ Any basis for this assertion? ▪ Yes: there was a national or nationalistic policy for the new dominion and it seemed to be working. ▪ Industrial growth; transcontinental and other railways; other infrastructure for exporting Canada's resources and products; NWMP; Indian dept.And treaties for prairie lands; dominion fisheries, mines, agriculture; land and geological surveys; immigration policies; mineral discoveries (Klondike Gold Rush); agricultural development (priority); explosive population growth; several new provinces in confederation (original confederation only had 4 provinces) ▪ Prairie provinces didn't get power until 1970s??? ▪ Since 1896 alone:  Canada had just participated in its first overse
More Less

Related notes for HIST 325

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit