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HIST 325
Jonathan Newell

Review: How Canadians Made Sense of “The Great War”  “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields Became an eternal motif” for the collective memory of war  Poppies became the widespread symbol of Remembrance, associated with veterans (eventually disabled vets)  Memorializing in the 20s and 30s o Remembrance (or Poppy, Memorial,Armistice) Day, Nov. 11 o War Memorials 20s and 30s o Major Memorials: Great War memorial at Vimy Ridge, France (1921- 1936); National War Memorial, Ottawa (1925-1938) o Creating a Public War Myth: Why? What? o Why? To make sense of the war o What? The Cult of Victory (victory of soldiers’honour and valour) Lecture: Pandemic: Spanish Flu in Canada, 1918-1919: One of the Deadliest Natural Disasters Ever Experienced n Recorded History  The Global Situation o At the peak, October 1918, President Westbrook of UBC (a medical doctor) and many students at UBC died in the Spanish influenza epidemic that swept the world in 2 waves o Athird of the world population was infected o Between summer 1918 and summer 1919, 50,000,000 to 100,000,000 worldwide died thus between 10% and 20% of those infected  Atypical Influenza o Susceptibility: influenza usually kills children, the elderly, and the weak; this strain killed off previously healthy 20-40 year olds (50% of the deaths); pregnant women miscarried and usually died (few children and elders over 65 died) o Highly contagious o Profoundly virulent, lethal o Severity and novelty (often misdiagnosed): haemorrhaging of the mucus membranes o Rapid mortality: many people died within hours of showing symptoms; majority died after 10 days o No known treatment in the days before penicillin  Pandemic at the Front o This flu broke out before the end of WWI, so it heavily infected armed forces in Europe o It appeared first in the British trenches on the Western Front inApril 1918, then among Hit German forces a few days later, occurred then among French troops o Half of theAmerican troops who died overseas died from influenza  Spread Worldwide o Spread to home fronts by returning troops o Spread throughout the Pacific islands and remote c
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