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HIST 325 (17)

hist 325-1.docx

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HIST 325
Jonathan Newell

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Review: Pandemic: Spanish Flu in Canada, 1918-1919  Global: o One of the deadliest natural disasters ever experienced in recorded history o Athird of the world’s population was infected o Between summer 1918 and summer 1919, 50,000,000 to 100,000,000 worldwide died o First discovered on front lines, WWI o Troops spread the disease. Took a year to move around the world o Spread via ships and railways (congregations)  Atypical influenza st nd o Epidemiology: 1 April-Aug; 2 (more deadly) Sept 1918-Oct 1919, peaked Oct-Nov 1918  In Canada o Lots of volunteers which increased contact o Specialists got called on first then caught disease and died or were in the war o Congregation couldn’t meet up or would catch disease  Known as “the Forgotten Pandemic”: Why? o Everywhere Spanish flu faded from public awareness o The “forgetting” lasted until the pandemics of bird flu, SARS, etc. in the 1990s and 2000s o Why?  Outbreak was overshadowed by the deaths and media focus in the closing year of WWI  Majority of fatalities, from both the war and the epidemic, were among young adults, thus, the fatality lists merged in the public eye  Duration of the pandemic vs. that of the war Lecture: Winnipeg General Strike 1919:Another International Phenomenon, 1919-1925  Returned veterans demonstrate against jailing of strike leaders  Internationally of strikes o This was an era of uprisings and revolutions in Russia (Bolshevik revolution 1917), Germany and Hungary o One in 5 of allAmerican wage workers struck in 1919 o In US, a general strike of over 300,000 steel workers (most notably immigrants from southern and eastern Europe who had been largely shunned by the official trade union movement); 400,000 coal miners struck; 120,000 textile workers; 50,000 men’s clothing workers  In Canada o Perhaps no other event during the first half of the 20 century shaped the nature and character of the Canadian left more than the workers’revolt that gripped the country between 1917 and 1925 o During this period, the fundamental relationship between the state, workers, and capital was challenged.  Winnipeg General Strike, 1919: What makes it a General Strike? o General strike: whole city shut down;
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