KIN 161 Lecture Notes - Identity Management, Softcore Pornography, Heterosexuality

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KIN 161 Lecture Gender, Sexuality and Sport
Sex biological determination of male or female
Gender who you choose to be and act; how you identify
Sexuality your preferences; attraction to others
Hegemony- “is the process through which ideologies become materialized
through the everyday experiences of people: how ideologies are internalized,
struggled over, negotiated, opposed, and lived out” (Beal, 253).
Australian sociologist Robert Connell writes, “Gender means practice
organized in terms of or in relation to the reproductive division of people
into male and female” (1997, 31).
o We decide everyday the way we act and move and dress based on
societal conception of this is what men are like and this is what
women are like
Gender has 5 key features
o Gender is not natural but is socially constructed and varies across
time and place
o Gender is a binary categorization (man/woman)
Binary=opposite ends; one or the other
o Gender is relational
Relational=we envision what a male is like by saying it’s the
opposite of female
o Gender is based on structural relations of inequality
Opposite, but not equal; based on power (more men than
women); characteristics of masculinity and femininity are not
equal
o Gender is a linking concept
Linking=nothing is individual or separate, everything (race,
ethnicity, etc) combines to form a person
The Body:
o “gender is more than skin deep, it gets inside the body; that
engendering can be so powerful as to dictate how we walk, sit, stand,
move our facial muscles and carry our parcel…(Roberts, 2002, 324-
325).
o Gender is one of the fundamental organizing principles of social life
o Gender norms are reproduced and challenged in sports
Androgynous is difficult in life because of the organizing
A two-category gender classification system is the foundation for defining
gender in our society
o Hegmonic masculinity - Approved brand of cultural/societal
masculinity
o Emphasized femininity - Excessive feminine features and roles
Women have a little bit more room can show up in pants,
suit, or dress; less options for males to move
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Document Summary

Kin 161 lecture gender, sexuality and sport. Sex biological determination of male or female. Gender who you choose to be and act; how you identify. Sexuality your preferences; attraction to others. Hegemony- is the process through which ideologies become materialized through the everyday experiences of people: how ideologies are internalized, struggled over, negotiated, opposed, and lived out (beal, 253). Gender has 5 key features: gender is not natural but is socially constructed and varies across time and place, gender is a binary categorization (man/woman) Binary=opposite ends; one or the other: gender is relational. Relational=we envision what a male is like by saying it"s the opposite of female: gender is based on structural relations of inequality. Opposite, but not equal; based on power (more men than women); characteristics of masculinity and femininity are not equal: gender is a linking concept. Linking=nothing is individual or separate, everything (race, ethnicity, etc) combines to form a person.

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