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Class Notes (1,031,259)
CA (591,275)
UBC (14,483)
PHIL (239)
PHIL 101 (43)

Class Notes for PHIL 101 at University of British Columbia

Introduction to Philosophy

PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Ontological Argument

Cosmological, Teleological, and Ontological arguments The ontological argument is from the Middle ages Saint Anselm of Canterbury Something than which nothing greater can be conceived The Argument ...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Theism, Polytheism

Philos (Humes) objections in Dialogues 2, 5 & 8 The Objection in Dialogue 2 We lack adequate experience of designers designing worlds The Objection in Dialogue 5 Even granting design, we cant infer unity, g...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Pierre Bayle, Epicureanism, Lactantius

The Emergence of the Problem of Evil in Pre-Modern Philosophy Two major philosophical schools: the Stoics and the Epicureans Zeno is one of the founders of the Stoics, Epicurus -> epicureans Stoics - the...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Richard Dawkins, Omnipotence, Logical Possibility

Aquinas Second Way In the world efficient causes come in series We cannot find that something is its own efficient cause The series of efficient causes cannot possibly go back to infinity We must ...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture 7: PHIL Lecture 7: Pascal's Wager

For the Exam: 3 questions each worth 5 points Each point is worth a percent On what weve covered 4 big topics - cosmological arg, design arg, ontological arg, Pascals Wager Prepare for all 4...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Epicurus, A Priori And A Posteriori, Intelligent Designer

Teleological Arguments Cicero -> Aquinas (Arg. from inanimate objects), Isaac Newton (Arg. from the eye), William Paley (Arg. from analogy with watch) Challenged by Charles Darwin, criticized by Epicuru...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Kantian Ethics, Expressivism, Subjectivism

Meta-Ethics Last week was Normative Ethics Aristotelian Ethics When trying to decide the right thing to do, this advises you to realize your potential as a human being Potentia...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Cogito Ergo Sum, Actual Infinity

Descartes Meditations Med 1: Radical Doubt All skeptical arguments are brought to the table Doesn it follow that I dont exist? No, I must exist, if it is me who is convinced of something Creator ...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture 9: PHIL Lecture 9: Arguments from Evil

Epicurus arg -> Humes Dialogues 10-arg. -> Objections Objections: Leibniz -> M. Adams, Eleanor Stump, Miller in Perrys Dialogue -> L. Antony Logical Argument from Evil Logically impossible (contradictory) that a b...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Category Mistake

Gilbert Ryles (Riles? idk) Criticism of Cartesian Dualism Dualism Dualism: Body and mind are two distinct, ontological (claim as to what exists) things. Body: spatial, public, physical/material Mind: N...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Empiricism, Depth Perception

Sorry there arent a lot of notes I wasnt hugely paying attention this class... Descartes review I exist Every effect has an adequate cause God exists Material objects exist Hume declares all of...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Incompatibilism, Compatibilism

Morality Suppose there is a person who believes there is doing the right thing and the wrong thing, and there are moral obligations Certain actions are blameworthy, some are justifiable No cheati...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Epicurus, Materialism

Dualism ● Descartes ● The existence of an immaterial soul is necessary to be immortal ● Plato wrote a whole book defending dualism ● Argued for the existence of a soul distinct from the body ● Hy...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Cartesian Coordinate System, Aristotelian Physics, Classical Mechanics

Med 1: Scepticism Med 2: I exist Med 3: God exists So whatever I clearly and distinctly perceive to be true, is true. God is not a deceiver, therefore I can trust my senses. Med 4: (Yes, I am unable to avoid all mis...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
PHIL 101 Lecture 14: PHIL Lecture 14

2 different styles of making inferences: Deduction and Induction Deduction - the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion All people are mortal Socrates is a person Socrates is mort...

Philosophy
PHIL 101
Anders Kraal
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
PHLD79H3
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