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Lecture

Cosmological Arguments P1

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 101
Professor
Christopher Stephens
Semester
Winter

Description
Philosophy of Religion Does God exist? (1) Cosmological Arguments (2) Teleological Arguments (Design) (3) Ontological Arguments (Metaphysics) 1. Cosmological Arguments: are often referred to as ‘first-cause arguments’ Aquinas’Argument of Motion: P1: Some things in the world are in motion. P2: Everything in motion is put in motion by something else. P3: Causes (what he calls “potentiality”) must precede their effects (“actuality”). P4: There are no infinite cause-effect chains. (The chain must stop somewhere, otherwise there would be no first cause of motion, and hence, no subsequent causes) C1: Hence, there is a first cause of this change. C2: Hence, God exists. Aquinas’Argument of Causation: P1: In the natural world, events occur. P2: In the natural world, every event has a cause, and no event causes itself. P3: In the natural world, causes must precede their effects. P4: In the natural world, there are no infinite cause-effect chains C1: Hence, there is an entity that exists outside of nature (a supernatural being) that causes the first event that occurs in the natural world. C2: Hence, God exists.
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