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Phil 101 Notes - Lecture 2.pdf

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University of British Columbia
PHIL 101
Christopher Stephens

Philosophy 101 NotesAbductive argumentsMendels ReasoningObservation experimental crosses with pea plants were observed to yield suchandsuch resultsConclusion there are genes elements and they obey laws L sound argumentone where all premises are true and the argument is deductively valid AquinasThe Five WaysWhether God ExistsFive arguments regarding the existence of God summarized by the 13th century Roman Catholic philosopher and theologian St Thomas Aquinas in his book Summa Theologicaefcient causeefcient cause of an object is equivalent to that which causes change and motion to start or stop ex painter painting a house In many cases this is simply the thing that brings something about ex the efcient cause of a statue is the person that chiseled away at it from a block of marble into a statue5 Arguments Unmoved movera thing cannot move itself so there must be an unmoved mover from whom all motion proceedsP1 some things in the world are in motionP2 everything in motion is put in motion by something elseP3 causes what he calls potentiality must precede their effects actualityP4 there are no
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