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PHIL 102
Dominic Mc Iver Lopes

1. Standard Model of Ethics 2. Consequentialism ▯ -hedonism ▯ -perfectionism ▯ -indirect consequentialism Ethics two main branches; ▯ -applied ethics; dilemmas ▯ -normative ethics; theoretical, theories of right actions ▯ ▯ -1) will justify the rightness of actions ▯ ▯ -2) supposed to explain practical reasoning ▯ ▯ ▯ -motivational role with theoretical reasoning, you end up with a fact (fact, fact, theory, fact) ▯ -your keys aren’t in your pocket, you know if they’re not in your pocket they’re on ▯ the table, so they’re on the table with practical reasoning, you end up with an action; literally doing something ▯ -usually one fact is a belief, one a desire, then an action (fact, fact, action) ▯ -eg. it’s raining, you don’t want to get wet, you get an umbrella ▯ -can have fact, fact, norm, action ▯ -eg. see a homeless person, you have a sandwich, the ‘norm’ or ‘rule of thumb’ is ▯ that you like helping people, so you give them the sandwich ▯ -this can all be subconscious ▯ ▯ -these norms could be rules of thumb, but if they’re consistent then are ▯ ▯ principles or moral principles ▯ ▯ -norms play a desire-like role. must be
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