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PHIL 102 (33)
Lecture

March 6.pdf

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 102
Professor
Dominic Mc Iver Lopes
Semester
Winter

Description
1. Justice 2. the original position 3. utilitarianism 4. two principles of justice 5. argument? difference between moral theory and practical theory -ethics is concerned with what makes an act right or wrong -ethics is about individual acts -but political philosophers are concerned with social institutions -people collectively acting -eg. justice -what makes a basic social structure just? -a basic social structure is just iff -Rawls thinks of his approach as a version of an approach that goes back to the 17th century ▯ -social contract theory -you have agents ▯ -they’re adequately rational ▯ -equal; they can all make proposals for society and provide arguments ▯ -operating under a veil of ignorance ▯ ▯ -you don’t know your social standing ▯ ▯ -natural endowment; are you smart? charming? clumsy? ▯ ▯ -fortune/income ▯ ▯ -physical conditions ▯ ▯ -gender, religion, race, ethnicity, etc ▯ ▯ -development; technological age vs. cave dwellers -we know... -that others are rational -general social and psychological facts; how people will fee if betrayed -moderate scarcity; everyone can have enough,
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