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Lecture 15

PHIL 335 Lecture 15: 23 March, Friday
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3 Pages
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Spring 2018

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 335
Professor
Kelin Emmett
Lecture
15

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YOUNG’S FIVE FACES OF OPPRESSION
1. Exploitation
2. Marginalization
3. Powerlessness
4. Cultural imperialism
5. Violence
Cannot give a single definition of oppression. There is a family of concepts that apply to
conditions of people who tend to find themselves oppressed.
- Thinks that more or less, she has come up with these categories of oppression, where
by thinking through and reflecting upon these claims…
- So she thinks this is more or less, systematic, and exhaustive (the fifth one, violence)
What does she mean by each category?
-Exploitation: taking more or less marxist paradigm, and extending it. Does not just
mean extraction of labour process, but also transferring your labour power to other
people.
- For example, women’s labour, transferring to men through children, for men to
work.
-Marginalization: exclusion of people from participating in the labour market.
- She thinks this is the most dangerous form of oppression. WHY? Because it
results in people participating in other markets; illegal things. Neglect market,
black market… They are put in a situation of neglect, dangerous situation,
because they’re going to be exceptionally vulnerable and lack in many bases of
social respect and recognition.
- In many cases, marginalization puts people susceptible to genocide…
-Powerlessness: people DO fall into certain classes, according to Marx, which she
agrees with.
- Significant difference between middle and working class
- Both are exploited, and work for upper class.
- But
- Professionals oriented towards ascention, moving up in the world, but
nonprofessionals more or less are not acquiring these skills… in all of these
areas of life, the professionals are going to have more command, more
respectability. The professionals will be in a suit, at a bank, applying for a
mortgage, will be able to express self in a way that commands authority,
respect.. Where non-professionals look more awkward, come off more
awkward…
-Cultural Imperialism: stereotyping, invisible
- How the dominant culture is interpreting other cultures in the media, in cultural
light…
- Orientalism…?
- We THINk that this is the universal perspective, and do not recognize that it is
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Description
YOUNGS FIVE FACES OF OPPRESSION 1. Exploitation 2. Marginalization 3. Powerlessness 4. Cultural imperialism 5. Violence Cannot give a single definition of oppression. There is a family of concepts that apply to conditions of people who tend to find themselves oppressed. Thinks that more or less, she has come up with these categories of oppression, where by thinking through and reflecting upon these claims So she thinks this is more or less, systematic, and exhaustive (the fifth one, violence) What does she mean by each category? Exploitation: taking more or less marxist paradigm, and extending it. Does not just mean extraction of labour process, but also transferring your labour power to other people. For example, womens labour, transferring to men through children, for men to work. Marginalization: exclusion of people from participating in the labour market. She thinks this is the most dangerous form of oppression. WHY? Because it results in people participating in other markets; illegal things. Neglect market, black market They are put in a situation of neglect, dangerous situation, because theyre going to be exceptionally vulnerable and lack in many bases of social respect and recognition. In many cases, marginalization puts people susceptible to genocide Powerlessness: people DO fall into certain classes, according to Marx, which she agrees with. Significant difference between middle and working class Both are exploited, and work for upper class. But Professionals oriented towards ascention, moving up in the world, but nonprofessionals more or less are not acquiring these skills in all of these areas of life, the professionals are going to have more command, more respectability. The professionals will be in a suit, at a bank, applying for a mortgage, will be able to express self in a way that commands authority, respect.. Where nonprofessionals look more awkward, come off more awkward Cultural Imperialism: stereotyping, invisible How the dominant culture is interpreting other cultures in the media, in cultural light Orientalism? We THINk that this is the universal perspective, and do not recognize that it is
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