Class Notes (811,169)
Canada (494,539)
POLI 100 (160)

INternatinoal Relations

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
Political Science
POLI 100
Barbara Arneil

International Relations Introduction▯ • Thus far, modern politics consist of the relationship between the state and the citizen.▯ • A. Modern state to state relations born in C17 (i.e. international relations)▯ • B. Scholarly discipline of International Relations emerged in C20▯ • Born out of WWII▯ • Search for international security through transnational authority/institutions▯ • C. What is Security?▯ • Absence of violence, war, threats to the state/human beings.▯ • Key questions: What creates insecurity and for whom?▯ ▯ International State System▯ • A. The Treaty of Westphalia 1648▯ 1. End of Thirty Year War▯ 2. Underpinning Principles of Westphalian State:▯ •Sovereignty▯ •Territorial Integrity/Non interference▯ •State based system replaced imperial rule▯ •Greater security than imperial power?▯ • B. Modern International Relations▯ • State of Anarchy/ Insecurity internationally▯ • Westphalian system is trade off between:▯ Security within states- state authority over own people▯ • • Insecurity between states- no authority between states▯ ▯ The Search For Security: Two Modern Approaches to International Relations▯ • A. Introduction to IR as a Discipline▯ • WWI was new kind of war▯ • Number of dead increases enormously▯ • War involved civilians▯ • How to end war?▯ • B. Different Views of Human Nature▯ • Liberal/Idealist School of Thought▯ • Realist School of Thought▯ • C. Idealist/Liberal School of IR (post WWI)▯ 1. Theoretical Origins of Idealism: Locke, Kant▯ 2. Historical Origins: End of WWI▯ Woodrow Wilson▯ • • League of Nations, disarmament, self determination▯ • Soft power is key▯ 3. Principle of idealism/liberal school▯ •Human nature is basically cooperative▯ •Central problem: How to secure peace▯ •Motivation of actors os mutual assistance▯ •Nature of international relations os cooperation▯ •Objective: create international authority▯ • D. Realist School of IR (post WWII)▯ International Relations 1. Theoretical Origins in Hobbes, Machiavelli▯ 2. World War II- Idealism is naïve▯ • Hard power is key▯ 3. Hans Morganthau- Politics Amongst Nations 1948▯ • Written during beginning of Cold War▯ • How to balance superpowers▯ 4. Principles of realist school of though▯ • Human nature is power-seeking▯ • Key actors are states▯ • Anarchy underpins international system▯ • Motivation of states is national interest▯ • Security is central problem▯ • Objective: Balance of power▯ ****What are my national interests, and how can I obtain those****▯ ▯ Changing Meanings of Security▯ • Key question- What creates (in)security?▯ • Post WWI: International Phase (idealist)▯ • Greatest threat is state to state warfare▯ • Disarmament, particularly Germany▯ • Self Determination/spread of democracy▯ League of Nations- International authority▯ • • Post WWII: Cold War Security (realist)▯ • Greatest threat is external nuclear attack▯ • National security is key▯ • National security can be increased by economic/military strength▯ • Security dilemma- National security leads to international insecurity▯ • Solution is balance of powers and MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction)▯ • Post Cold
More Less

Related notes for POLI 100

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.