Poli 100 Lecture – 27 January th 01/27/2014
What is an ideology?
A set of ideas designed to describe an existing political order.
Present an ideol vision of what the political order should look like.
Every ideology contains empirical, semantic (using specific language), and normative elements.
Features of ideology
Action oriented – designed to motivate people.
Typically less rigorous than “proper” theory – tends to combine concepts that political philosophers treat
Both reflects …
Theory vs. ideology
Theory is generally aimed at political elites
Generally more “timeless” in focus
They deal with persistent questions
Ideology on the other hand is aimed at mass mobilization.
Can often be reduced to slogans or “sound bytes”
Simplicity of presentation can lead to logical inconsistency (being prolife and also supporting troops) Key Ideological Approaches
Dominant western tradition
Originates with the rise of capitalist political economies in the 17 and 18 ce