Chapter 8 Lecture Notes

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Political Science
POLI 100
Christopher Erickson

CHAPTER 8 LECTURE NOTES LawPolitics A key innovation of the Western state is the idea that the power of rulers should be limited by the rule of lawLAWLaws determine what is criminal behavior prescribe punishments for criminals and provide impartial rules for the adjudication of disputesFor laws to be accepted as legitimate accepted rules of procedure must be followedList of requirements for just lawsThey must be general in scope o They have to be applicable to everybody Public o You have to be able to know what they areProspective rather than retrospective o Cant make laws that reach back in timeClear o Clear enough to followConsistent Relatively constant o Law is made to regulate behavior if its constantly changing not that it CANT change no one can adhere to the lawsCapable of being obeyedEnforced as written o Marijuana is illegal in Canada but it isnt enforced ConstitutionsIn politics there are two different meanings of the word constitution o The overall structure of a states political system and its political culture o A specific document that lays down the basic institutions of a state procedures for changing them and the basic rights and obligations of its citizensOnly three statesIsrael New Zealand and the UKdo not have a codified constitutionCONSTITUTIONALISMConstitutionalism can mean either
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