Chapter 16 Lecture Notes

4 Pages
125 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 100
Professor
Christopher Erickson
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 16 LECTURE NOTES ALTERNATIVE THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO IR Marxism Marx did not write much about international relationsHowever his general ideas have inspired many IR scholarsOne major contribution by Marx and his friend Friedrich Engels was an analysis of imperialismMarx on Imperialism History develops through stages and capitalism is a late oneCapitalist society is split between two classes bourgeoisie and proletariatIt needs larger and larger markets to maintain itselfMarx and Engels argued that capitalism in its relentless quest for profits will bring the whole of the world into its exploitative systemIn the process it creates a world in its own image The capitalist classes become universal and so does the struggle between themFor Lenin imperialism was the highest and final stage of capitalismCharacterized by a widening gap between rich and poor nationsUniversal class structure sets the stage for a global class warSince WW2 Marxistinspired writers have explained underdevelopment in the Third World nations as a direct product of imperialismCritical Theory in IRCritical theory has been very influential amongst IR scholarsIt is not exclusively Marxist but it shares Marxs views about emancipation and opposition to exploitation The Italian Antonia Gramsci 18911937 is a key figure Gramsci argued that ruling classes maintained power by making prevailing inequalities seem natural One of the commonest totems is the belief about everything that exists is that it is natural that is should exist that it could not do otherwise than exist This idea is summarized by the term hegemonyFor scholars influence by Gramsci realist theory is hegemonic because it underpins the status quoThey argue that the existing order can and should be challenged because reality is socially constructed by humans who can reshape the world they live in
More Less

Related notes for POLI 100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit