Chapter 19 Lecture Notes

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University of British Columbia
Political Science
POLI 100
Christopher Erickson

CHAPTER 19 LECTURE NOTES WHAT IS AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONInternational organizations range from the UN to voluntary organizations with members in a handful of statesThe Yearbook of International Organizations 20052006 lists around 40000 bodies of varying shapes and sizesand this does not include multinational corporationsIt could be said that they operate in a sphere which transcends the state system in one way or another But this does not mean that states are irrelevant to their activitiesfar from it THE EMERGENCE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONSThere are examples of international organizations from ancient China through the medieval periodThe Roman Catholic Church which exercised considerable power over promodern Europe can be regarded as an international organizationHowever until the modern period the scope of such organizations was limited by technology In the modern era a notable international organization was the movement against slavery A World AntiSlavery Convention was held in London in 1840 By 1910 improvements in transportation and communication led to the perceived need for a World Congress of International Organizations which is held in BrusselsINTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IOsTransnational institutions with the object of influencing state behavior 3 Types o IGOsIntergovernmental OrganizationsNATO EUWHO IMP WTOUN o NGOsnongovernmental organizationsRed CrossRed CrescentMedicin San Frontierso MNCsmultinational corporations IGOsMembers are states not individuals or private groups
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