Class Notes (808,146)
Canada (493,092)
POLI 101 (223)
All (23)

POLI 101- November 18.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
Political Science
POLI 101

ELECTIONS Friday, November 18, 2011 Review: Electoral Systems - Three main traits of Electoral Systems (1) Districts (2) Quantity of Representatives - Single Representative per district (3) Method of Election - How you choose which candidates are elected Review: Gerrymandering - Drawing boundaries to help a party of interest - Where boundaries are drawn affects who wins - Demographic characteristics taken into consideration - Negative and Positive forms of gerrymandering - Negative: Partisan gerrymandering - Little partisan gerrymandering in Canada - Boundaries drawn by independent commission - Positive: Drawing boundaries so that minorities have better chance of gaining representation (both at federal and provincial level) - Drawing new boundaries for Canada starts this spring, taking into consideration growth of population (adding seats) and census data Method of Election - Similar to a horse race - Don’t need to win by 50%, just have to be faster than the other horses - Canada has First Past the Post (FPP) system - Don’t need 50% of votes, just have to have more than your competitors - Plurality of votes rather than a majority - Most elected without a majority (when there are more than 2 parties) - SMP system generally result in 2 party systems - Canada an anomaly (Liberals, Conservatives and NDP) Effects of SMP System - SMP system privileges parties with regionally concentrated support - Bloc official opposition in 1993, despite only having representatives running in ¼ of the districts - Regions become important to getting a majority - Politicians need to be able to appeal to regional support in order to be successful - Exaggerate popular support- more majority governments than popular vote would suggest - In 3 or 4 party systems (like in Canada) the government of the day doesn’t have majority of popular vote, but has majority in legislature EG. Popular small majorities turn into overwhelming legislature majorities - McKenna in 1987 in NB: 60% of vote but 100% of seats - McKenna in 1991 in NB: 47% of vote but 77% of seats - Campbell in 2001 in BC: 57% of vote but 97% of seats - Difficult for official opposition party to serve its purpose when there are so few party MPs in the legislature Elections in Canada - Elections a Prime Ministerial prerogative - General election required every 5 years (section 4 of the constitution of 1982) - 4 years (or less) is typical - Strategic factors impact when elections are called (want to have an election at time when PM is able to be reelected) - Gives PM an advantage: Some believe this advantage should be taken away completely - Many provinces now adhere to set election dates - Fixed election laws in place at federal level- not used yet - Elections fixed in Constitution in the US Election administration - Independent of government - Federal agency called Elections Canada - Large agency, large budget, efficient bureaucracy (logistically) - Chief Electoral Officer -
More Less

Related notes for POLI 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.