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POLI 101- November 23.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
POLITICAL PARTIES Thursday November 23, 2011 * NOTE: Please fill out course evaluations! Overview of Coming Week - Remaining classes will be spent on political participation and interest groups - This topic connects to elections and parties - The format of the final (will be covered in more detail next week) will be similar to that of the midterm, but longer and with more questions William Lyon Mackenzie King - Poem by Frank Scott (FR Scott) who was also a constitutional lawyer - Social activist (support of progressive reform and the NDP) - Poem is a concentration of the critique of Canada’s political party/electoral system - Electoral system rewards centralist parties leading to less reforms being accomplished - Liberal party successful because of centralist beliefs (didn’t appear to stand for anything- too pragmatic) - ‘Smokescreen’ of King’s politics - After death of King, Scott wrote poem about distain for Liberal party (and King as it’s leader) - Poem entitled: WLMK Canadian Parties and Ideology - Conservatives and NDP are more likely to be programmatic, ideological - In a sense these parties have ‘stolen’ the centre away from the Liberal party - Liberal party has lost support because of the centralizing features of Conservatives and NDP - Internal ideological problem for Liberals - The Liberals are a ‘tent’ party that tries to accommodate both left and right factions - Government/cabinet usually has representatives from both factions - Accommodating two separate factions is problematic when attempting to define a clear ideology - Election success lies in the centre- and the centre shifts from time to time - Parties able to gain most support when policies are centralist (neither too right nor too left) - Exception: Fringe parties (single-issue parties) - Party focused on a particular issue (see world through fairly closed lens) - EG. Marijuana party, Green Party (in a way) - Green Party: More sophisticated, but when dealing with one issue, it is difficult to gain representation Internal Party Organization - Organizational dimension of parties Mass Parties - Characteristics (1) Large, consistent membership - Membership means something: desire for individuals to associated with this group (2) Membership control over platform - Members are given opportunities; contribute to party platform and polities - Impact who is chosen as candidates or even party leader (3) Dependent on many small donations - Membership fees make up most of the funding, not large companies, etc. Cadre Parties - Characteristics (1) Small, permanent membership - Many people have broad identification with party, but not necessarily members (2) Party elites do
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