3 Conceptions of Pol Outln.doc

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26 Jan 2013
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3 Conceptions of Politics
I. Aristotle, Politics, Book I
A. Basic of human associations
families and villages –> “mere life”
The polis – “the good life
{Slide two}
Aristotle
Quote 1:
When several villages are united in a single complete community, large
enough to be nearly or quite self-sufficing, the state [polis] comes into
existence, originating in the bare needs of life, and continuing in
existence for the sake of the good life. And therefore, if the earlier
forms of society are natural, so is the state, for it is the end of them, and
the nature of the thing is its end(Politics, 1252b28-33, emphasis added).
{slide 3}
B. People are “by nature a political animals.”
He explains:
Quote 2:
That man is more of a political animal than bees or any other gregarious
animals is evident. Nature, as we often say, make nothing in vain, and
man is the only animal who has the gift of speech. And whereas mere
voice is but an indication of pleasure or pain, and is therefore
found in other animals…, the power of speech is intended to set
forth the expedient and the inexpedient, and therefore likewise the
1
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