Class Notes (864,618)
CA (522,869)
UBC (12,545)
POLI (632)
POLI 101 (223)
All (23)

POLI 101- October 31.docx

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 101

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
FEDERALISM Friday, October 31, 2011 Review - Pillars of the Canadian Constitution: (1) Responsible Government (Preamble) (2) Federalism (Section 91 and 92) (3) Rights (Charter) - Today: Canadian Federalism Federal and Unitary Systems (1) Unitary System - All authority or sovereignty in one governing body - One single unit of organization - No question as to who has the authority to make laws - EG. Sweden, Japan, France, UK - “Nation states” - Generally culturally homogenous - Can devolve power to local authorities: single legislature has power to make all laws, but the ability to lend authority to local authorities is possible - Scottish, Welsh parliament has some authority to make laws, despite a central legislature in London - Single legislature the ultimate judge of how much power is devolved: how much to give, take back, etc. (2) Federal System - Organizational structure: divided into provinces and territories - Division of power (not separation of powers into branches) - Governing authority or sovereignty divided - Territorial system influences the way political life is organized - Separation of authority/sovereignty into one or more levels of government - Multi-level (like the EU) - Canada has two level of constitutionally recognized power - EG. Germany, Australia, Switzerland, India - Federalism a relatively recent invention: Modern federalism invented by the American Founders - Growth of federalism due to the US‟s adoption of this system - Written constitution protects rights AND federalism - Important for democratization - Authority is centered/concentrated in the constitution (which divides power between two levels of government) - Overcomes conflicts as to who does what and has which powers - Units are not beholden to the national government or vice versa - Don‟t have to rely on central government for authority: provincial power is protected by the constitution, as is the federal government from the provinces - Independent authority - Not subordinate, but co-ordinate (not hierarchal) - Provinces financially dependent on the federal government - Self-government at a local level: preserves cultural, geographical, linguistic differences The Federal Principle (K. C. Wheare) - Provincial and Federal governments “Co-ordinate and are independent within their (legislative) spheres” - Wheare explains Federal Government, in terms of classical federalism - Classical Federalism - Distinct authority between two levels of government - Like two balloons: difficult to cross barriers between them - Think “Wheare‟s spheres” - Provinces and national government are constitutionally accountability: clear who does what - Federal systems now are „messier‟ and have more overlap than this classical model Jurisdiction - Autonomy within sphere: division of powers - Legislative authority on two levels - Some overlap: Concurrent or shared jurisdiction (agriculture, environment) - Environment: both levels must participate - Sections in addition to 91 and 92: joint jurisdiction - Cover
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.