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University of British Columbia
PSYC 100
Paul Hewitt

Attachment -used to be thought that mothers met children’s biological needs, so children are happy and attached to parents if they meet these needs -Harry Harlow worked with baby monkeys▯ ▯ -studied whether the attachment was with a mother that met needs (wire ‘mother’ ▯ that fed the baby) or more comfort (a cloth ‘mother’ that gave more comfort) ▯ -the baby monkey that was reared on a wire ‘mother’ spent 17-18 hours a day ▯ with the cloth ‘mother’ -this provides evidence that the baby’s first relationship with its mother is important -babies will develop stranger anxiety after a time ▯ -the baby will seek the comfort and security of their mother -procedure to assess: ▯ 1. mother and child together in room, child plays, mother off in corner ▯ 2. female stranger enters, sits quietly, then talks to mom, attempts to engage ▯ child in play ▯ 3. mom leaves room: if child not upset, stranger sits quietly, if upset, stranger ▯ tries to soothe ▯ 4. mother returns, stranger leaves ▯ 5. mother leaves and stranger returns ▯ 6. mother returns -style measured by infants responses to mother returning -responses to leaving in general ▯ 1. protest: child becomes upset, might try to follow mother out ▯ 2. despair: sits and is upset ▯ 3. detachment: child is neither protesting or in despair, seems like they’re trying ▯ to distract themselves Attachment Styles -securely attached ▯ -most healthy type of attachment ▯ -infants will seek to interact with mother on her return ▯ -some are content to simply acknowledge mother ▯ -others need physical contact ▯ -some are pre-occupied with mother ▯ -mothers have responded promptly to child, behave affectionately, use baby’s ▯ cues to attend to their needs/wants ▯ -roughly 60-65% of babies -insecurely attached: avoidant ▯ -infant seeks avoidance of interaction with mother ▯ -some ignore, some show mixture of attention ▯ -in general, pay little attention ▯ -if distressed when mother leaves again, stranger is able to comfort ▯ -mothers tend to babies based on the mother’s own wants and needs ▯ -mother doesn’t seem to enjoy physical closeness ▯ -about 10% of babies -insecurely attached: ambivalent ▯ -bab
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