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PSYC 100 Lecture Notes - Harry Harlow, Jean Piaget, Dazed

Course Code
PSYC 100
Paul Hewitt

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-used to be thought that mothers met children’s biological needs, so children are happy
and attached to parents if they meet these needs
-Harry Harlow worked with baby monkeys!
!-studied whether the attachment was with a mother that met needs (wire ‘mother
!that fed the baby) or more comfort (a cloth ‘mother that gave more comfort)
!-the baby monkey that was reared on a wire ‘mother spent 17-18 hours a day
!with the cloth ‘mother
-this provides evidence that the baby’s first relationship with its mother is important
-babies will develop stranger anxiety after a time
!-the baby will seek the comfort and security of their mother
-procedure to assess:
!1. mother and child together in room, child plays, mother off in corner
!2. female stranger enters, sits quietly, then talks to mom, attempts to engage
!child in play
!3. mom leaves room: if child not upset, stranger sits quietly, if upset, stranger
!tries to soothe
!4. mother returns, stranger leaves
!5. mother leaves and stranger returns
!6. mother returns
-style measured by infants responses to mother returning
-responses to leaving in general
!1. protest: child becomes upset, might try to follow mother out
!2. despair: sits and is upset
!3. detachment: child is neither protesting or in despair, seems like they’re trying
!to distract themselves
Attachment Styles
-securely attached
!-most healthy type of attachment
!-infants will seek to interact with mother on her return
!-some are content to simply acknowledge mother
!-others need physical contact
!-some are pre-occupied with mother
!-mothers have responded promptly to child, behave affectionately, use baby’s
!cues to attend to their needs/wants
!-roughly 60-65% of babies
-insecurely attached: avoidant
!-infant seeks avoidance of interaction with mother
!-some ignore, some show mixture of attention
!-in general, pay little attention
!-if distressed when mother leaves again, stranger is able to comfort
!-mothers tend to babies based on the mothers own wants and needs
!-mother doesn’t seem to enjoy physical closeness
!-about 10% of babies
-insecurely attached: ambivalent
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