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Psychology 100 Notes.docx

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PSYC 100
Paul Hewitt

Psychology 100 12172011 22800 AM Psychology 100 Oct 25 2011SynesthesiaSynesthete individual who has two or more senses couples iemixed upEstimates roughly 1in 2000Runs in Family6 times more common in women than menAbsolute Threshold Value at which a stimulus can be detected 50 of the timeVaries from person to personSmallest magnitude of a stimulus that a person can detectSubliminal Stimulation Stimulation below threshold below level of detection that reportedly influences behaviorMark Baldwins Pope StudyDevoutly religious catholic young women Administered mood measure assessing things like1 Sadness2 Guilt3 AnxietyPresented sexually provocative story on a computer screen tat they were to readFlashes a picture of the Pope for one group randomly assigned and a picture of the prime minister for the otherDevoutly religious catholic young women in the Pope group experienced more guilt and anxiety than the Prime Minister groupNo one reported seeing the flashed picturePsychology 100 Nov 29 2011MemoryProcess Ongoing set of activitiesLocation Memory as a location or place to put informationThree Component ModelLevels of Processing ModelThree Component ModelAtkinson and Schiffrin Three types of Memory Sensory Register Short Term Memory Long Term MemoryEach type differs in capacity length of time each holds information and form or code each uses to hold informationSensory RegisterBasic Assumption Information first enters our memory through our sensesPhysical features stored or extremely brief durationShort Term MemoryAlso known as working memoryLimited working memory used in two ways To select and process ongoing information To store memories of a short duration Sound or visual images will last for a maximum of 30 seconds unless it is reenteredTwo ways to reenter information Maintenance rehearsal Accessing the first stageLimited capacityAbout 7 chunks of memoriesLong Term Memory LTMLong Term storage of informationAssumed to have limitless capacityYou are slow to forget things in LTMMemory CodesRepresentations that are used to store information in LTMThree Codes Verbal Imaginal MotorVerbal CodesOne of the most important codesOne of the most common verbal codes involves semantics or meaning of languagePeople code even isolated words in terms of their meaningMemory test exampleImaginal CodesUnlike verbal codes imaginal codes are thought to bear some resemblance to real experienceMemory codes are imagesSpend more time on imaginal codes but they are easier to access and rememberHouse exampleA list of words are verbally delivered and the subject have to write down as manywords as they can remember after the recitation slumber tired wake bed pillowsleep did not appearAll the other words are related to sleep and therefore giving subject the codes of Sleep even though the word sleep isnt in the listeat night awake dreaming rest comfort snoreMotor CodesWay we remember physical skillsAlso called Procedural MemoryFlashbulb MemoriesVivid Recollection that includes details
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