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Learning Objectives 2013.pdf

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 101
Peter Graf

Learning Objectives Chapter 1: The Evolution Of Psychology 1. Summarize Wundt’s accomplishments and contributions to psychology. 2. Summarize Hall’s accomplishments and contributions to psychology. 3. Describe structuralism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. 4. Describe functionalism and its impact on the subsequent development of psychology. 5. Summarize Watson’s views on the appropriate subject matter of psychology, nature versus nurture, and animal research. 6. Summarize Freud’s principal ideas and why they inspired controversy. 7. Summarize Skinner’s work, views, and influence. 8. Summarize Rogers’ and Maslow’s ideas and the contributions of humanistic psychology. 9. Describe important contributions to the emergence of experimental psychology in Canada. 10. Describe the typical areas of expertise of various types of applied or professional psychologists. 11. Explain how historical events have contributed to the emergence of psychology as a profession. 12. Describe two recent trends in research in psychology that reflect a return to psychology’s intellectual roots. 13. Describe Donald Hebb’s significance to the emergence of contemporary psychology. 14. Explain why Western psychology traditionally had scant interest in other cultures and why this situation has begun to change. 15. Use the Featured Study to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of some research methods. 16. Summarize the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology. 17. Describe how positive psychology represents a novel trend in psychological theory and research. 18. Discuss the growth of psychology and the most common work settings for contemporary psychologists. 19. List and describe seven major research areas in psychology. 20. List and describe the four professional specialties in psychology. 21. Summarize the text’s three unifying themes relating to psychology as a field of study. 22. Summarize the text’s four unifying themes relating to psychology’s subject matter. 23. Discuss three important considerations in designing a program to promote adequate studying. 24. Describe the SQ3R method and explain what makes it effective. 25. Summarize advice provided on how to get more out of lectures. Chapter 7: Human Memory 1. Describe the three basic human memory processes. 2. Discuss the role of attention for memory. Learning Objectives for Psych 101 2013 3. Describe the three levels of encoding discussed by Craik and Lockhart, and how depth of processing relates to memory. 4. Discuss three techniques for enriching encoding and research on each. 5. Describe the role of the sensory store in memory. 6. Discuss the characteristics of short-term memory and describe the differences between maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehearsal. 7. Describe the durability and capacity of short-term memory. 8. Describe Baddely’s model of working memory. 9. Evaluate the hypothesis that all memories are stored permanently in long-term memory. 10. Summarize evidence regarding the accuracy of flashbulb memories. 11. Describe conceptual hierarchies, schemas, and semantic networks, and their role in long- term memory. 12. Explain how parallel distributed processing (PDP) models view the representation of information in memory. 13. Explain how retrieval cues and context cues influence retrieval. 14. Discuss Bartlett’s work and research on the misinformation effect. 15. Discuss the implications of evidence on source monitoring and reality monitoring. 16. Describe Ebbinghaus’ forgetting curve and three measures of retention. 17. Explain how forgetting may be due to ineffective encoding. 18. Compare and contrast decay and interference as potential causes of forgetting. 19. Explain how forgetting may be due to factors in the retrieval process. 20. Summarize evidence for the view that recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse may be genuine. 21. Summarize evidence for the view that recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse are inaccurate. 22. List and define the seven sins of memory. 23. Summarize evidence on the biochemistry and neural circuitry underlying memory. 24. Distinguish between two types of amnesia, and identify the anatomical structures implicated in memory. 25. Distinguish between implicit versus explicit memory and their relationship to declarative versus procedural memory. 26. Explain the distinctions between episodic versus semantic memory and prospective versus Chapter 2: The Research Enterprise in Psychology 1. Describe the goals of the scientific enterprise in psychology. 2. Explain the relations between theory, hypotheses, and research. 3. Outline the steps in a scientific investigation. 4. Describe the Featured Study on the effects of fear on sexual attraction 5. Discuss the advantages of the scientific approach. 6. Describe the experimental method, explaining independent and dependent variables, experimental and control groups, and extraneous variables. 7. Explain the major advantages and disadvantages of the experimental method. Learning Objectives for Psych 101 2013 8. Discuss three descriptive/correlational research methods: naturalistic observation, case studies, and surveys. 9. Explain the major advantages and disadvantages of descriptive/correlational research. 10. Describe three measures of central tendency and one measure of variability. 11. Describe the normal distribution, and how to understand how test scores and percentile ranks relate to one another. 12. Distinguish between positive and negative correlations. 13. Discuss correlation in relation to prediction and causation. 14. 14. Explain the meaning of statistical significance. 15. Explain the importance of replication, and of meta-analysis. 16. Explain what makes a sample representative, and discuss the problem of sampling bias. 17. Explain when placebo effects are likely to be a problem. 18. Describe the typical kinds of distortions that occur in self-report data and discuss the methods that have been developed recently to deal with these problems. 19. Describe Rosenthal’s research on experimenter bias. 20. Describe how access to the internet has changed the way some psychologists conduct their research. 21. Discuss the pros and cons of deception in research with human subjects. 22. Describe the four key principles of ethical research as set forth by the Canadian Psychological Association and compare ethical standards for research with humans to ethical standards for research with animals. 23. Explain how this chapter highlighted two of the text’s unifying themes. 24. Describe the nature of technical journals. 25. Explain how to use PsychINFO and discuss the advantages of computerized literature searches. 26. Describe the standard organization of journal articles reporting on empirical research. 27. Explain why anecdotal evidence is flawed and unreliable. Chapter 3: The Biological Bases of Behaviour 1. Describe the main functions of the two types of nervous tissue. 2. Describe the various parts of the neuron and their functions. 3. Summarize the role of glial cells in the brain. 4. Describe the neural impulse. 5. Describe how neurons communicate at chemical synapses. 6. Describe the two types of postsynaptic potentials and how neurons integrate signals and form neural circuits. 7. Discuss some of the functions of acetylcholine and the monoamine neurotransmitters as well as their agonists and antagonists. 8. Discuss how GABA, glycine, glutamate, and endorphins are related to behaviour. 9. Provide an overview of the peripheral nervous system, including its subdivisions. 10. Distinguish between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. 11. Describe how EEG, lesioning, ESB, and TMS are used to investigate brain function. Learning Objectives for Psych 101 2013 12. Describe the new brain imaging methods that are used to study brain structure and function. 13. Use the results of the Featured Study to explain how methods in neuroscience can be used to understand self-concept. 14. Summarize the key functions of the medulla, pons, cerebellum, and midbrain. 15. Summarize the key functions of the thalamus and hypothalamus. 16. Describe the nature and location of the limbic system, and summarize some of its key functions. 17. Name the four lobes in the cerebral cortex, and identify some of their key functions. 18. Summarize evidence on neurogenesis and the brain’s plasticity. 19. Explain why scientists viewed the left hemisphere as the dominant hemisphere, and describe how split-brain research changed this view. 20. Describe how neuroscientists conduct research on cerebral specialization in normal subjects and what this research has revealed. 21. Describe some of the ways in which hormones regulate behaviour. 22. Describe the structures and processes involved in genetic transmission. 23. Explain the difference between genotype and phenotype and the meaning of polygenic inheritance. 24.
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