Class Notes (809,390)
Canada (493,689)
Psychology (2,017)
PSYC 102 (409)

Chpt. 11 Motivation.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
PSYC 102
David Klonsky

Psych 102 Chpt. 11 Motivation and Work Motivation- A need or desire that energizes behaviour and directs it towards a goal Why are we motivated to do anything? Theories of Motivation 1. Instinct 2. Drive- reduction 3. Arousal 4. Hierarchy of needs 1. Instinct Theory  Instincts- complex behaviours that have fixed patterns throughout different species and are not learned  We are wired to do certain behaviours  Maybe a huge chunk of our motivation, complex behaviours is what we are born with  Ex. leopard taking care of a baby baboon “maternal/ caring instinct”  Strengths: consistent with animal literature  Weaknesses: thousands of instincts needed to explain every behavioural pattern  More labeling than explaining, giving a name to something not understanding it 2. Drive Reduction Theory  A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (drive), which motivates an organism to satisfy the need  Need-> drive-> drive reducing behaviours Ex. Food-> hunger-> eating  Homeostasis- the maintenance of a steady internal state (e.g. temperature)  Deviate from homeostasis creates drive, motivated to do a behaviour to return us to homeostasis  Strength: Efficient, can explain a wide variety of behaviours that we do  Pushed by needs like hunger  Pulled by incentives like aroma of something delicious, causes aroused tension state  Incentives can disrupt the homeostasis point, causes physiological reaction, makes us want to act on  Weakness: how do we explain patterns of behaviours like curiosity or play?, theory doesn’t work well for these, doesn’t seem to be a disruption of homeostasis 3. Optimal Arousal  We seek optimum levels of arousal  Too little= boredom; too much= stress  Try to get arousal back to middle point  Explains behaviours like curiosity or play where we are seeking arousal  Strength: Full range of behaviours can be explained 4. Hierarchy of Needs/ Motives  Abraham Maslow- certain needs have priority over others  Physiological, safety, belongingness and love, esteem. Self-actualization  Achieve needs from bottom up  Once need level below is achieved more up to next level, cannot move up unless lower level needs met  Everyone has the capacity to self-actualize if all other conditions are met Hierarchy of Motives: Hunger Comes First Research: Keys et al. (1950)  Fed randomly assigned participants half typical food intake for 6 months -> got hungry  The participants lost interest in social activities, love  They became obsessed with food, food related scenes in shows PRIMARY MOTIVATIONS: Hunger  Basic motivation  Can hunger be understood through a simple motivational perspective? Biopsychosocial approach?  Biology of hunger:
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 102

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.