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Lecture 19

PSYC 102: Lecture 19

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PSYC 102
David Klonsky

Psychology 102: Developmental, Social, Personality, and Clinical Psychology Lecture #19 - March 26, 2013 Mood Disorders:  Disturbance in mood  Major depression Signs of Depression:  Poor appetite  Insomnia  Lethargy  Feelings of worthlessness  Loss of interest in family, friends and activities  Seasonal affective disorder: being depressed during certain seasons Mood Disorder:  Bipolar disorder: alternative between depression and mania (overexcited/hyperactive, or, irritable state) Bipolar Disorder:  Signs of bipolar disorder o Over talkative o Overactive o Little need for sleep o Elated o Grandiose optimism and self-esteem  Mild B-D may result in increasing creativity Mood Disorders-Bipolar  PET scans show that brain energy consumptions rises and falls with emotional swings Explaining Mood Disorders:  Psychoanalytical: unconscious conflicts; anger turn inward and produce depression  Social-cognitive: negative thoughts influence biochemical events creating a cycle of depression  Biological: depression involves genetic predispositions and neurotransmitter abnormalities Back's Cognitive Triad Model:  Negative view of … o … themselves o … the world o … the future Learned Helplessness (Seligman):  Belief (explanatory style) that future is out of one's control o Dogs given unavoidable shocks develop  Low motivation Psychology 102: Developmental, Social, Personality, and Clinical Psychology  Emotionally rigid, lazy, and scared  Difficulties learning - even when they could avoid shocks  Hopelessness theory of depression Possible Styles:  Explanatory styles: permanence, pervasiveness, personalization  Optimistic: temporary, specific, external  Pessimistic: permanent, universal, internal Explanatory Styles:  I didn't get the part in the school play that I wanted  Optimistic: o Temporary - I won't always be passed over o
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