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November 17.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 102
Professor
Toni Schmader
Semester
Fall

Description
November  17,  2011     NOTE:  So,  today  was  not  one  of  the  most  interesting  lectures  we’ve  had,  in  my   opinion.  However,  it’s  important  for  those  who  are  doing  Act#3.  There  are  a  lot  of   graphs  and  results  here  and  there  that  were  just  too  long  to  right,  since,  they  are  up   on  Vista  anyway.  Those  who  missed  the  class  and  are  not  doing  Act#3  have  not   missed  much  anyway.  So,  everybody  chill.  J     v Allport  (1930s)   Ø Idiographic  trait  approach   § First  personality  class  and  text  (1937)   § Lexical  Hypothesis   • If  language  provides  a  word  to  describe  people,  it  must  be  a  trait.   v Developing  taxonomy  of  traits.   Ø First,  use  survey  to  measure  various  dispositions.   Ø Then,  use  factor  analysis.   § Statistical  technique  to  identify  clusters  of  items  that  correlate  with  one   another.   v Ten  Item  Personality  Measure  (TIPI)   Ø Table  with  factor  analysis  of  trait  adjective.   v The  Big  Five   Ø Openness  to  experience.   § Intellect,  Imagination,  Curiosity,  Creativity.   Ø Conscientiousness     § Order,  Duty,  Deliberation,  Self-­‐Discipline.   Ø Extraversion   § Sociability,  Assertiveness,  Activity,  Positive  Emotions.   Ø Agreeableness   § Trust,  Nurturance,  Kindness,  Cooperation.   Ø Neuroticism   § Anxiety,  Depression,  Moodiness,  Vulnerability  to  stress.   v Extraversion   Ø More  Happiness   Ø More  peer  relations   Ø More  community  involvement   Ø Better  health   Ø Higher  job  commitment,  satisfaction   v Agreeableness   Ø More  involvement   Ø More  gratitude,  forgiveness,  humor   Ø Low  crime   v Conscientiousness   Ø Better  health   Ø Higher  occupational  performance   Ø Higher  relationship  satisfaction   Ø Less  anti-­‐social  and  criminal  behavior   v Neuroticism   Ø Less  happiness   Ø More  anxiety   Ø Worse  Health   Ø Relationship  dissatisfaction   Ø Lower  occupational  performance   v Openness   Ø Artistic,  intellectual  interests.   Ø More  existential  concerns   Ø Higher  substance  abuse   Ø More  occupational  success   Ø More  political  liberalism   v Is  Personality  Heritable?   Ø Heritability=  %  of  personality  variance  in  sample  explained  by  genetic   similarity.   v H
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