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Lecture 14

PSYC 102 Lecture 14: Personality 11.3 Psych 102 2 November

by OneClass2492178 , Winter 2017
4 Pages
80 Views
Winter 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 102
Professor
Simon Lolliot
Lecture
14

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Personality 11.3 (textbook)
Learning outcomes
- Define Personality
- Describe early approaches to personality
o Hippocrates/Galen
o Gall
- Freud, personality, defence mechanisms
o Alder (inferiority complex)
o Erikson
o Jung (collective/individual unconscious)
o Horney (penis envy)
o How is personality measured (11.9 textbook)
Neo-Freudians
Alfred Adler
Erik Erikson
Carl Jung
Karen Horney
Same as Freud Personality
developed in childhood
Unconscious and conscious
Adler found Freud misogynistic
Differing from Freud
- Sex was not the primary motivator
- fear of inadequacy
- Inferiority complex we don’t
measure up to the standards of
society
Social flavor
When we reach different parts of our
lives, we have certain milestones we
have to reach:
1. Occupational tasks/
societal tasks/ love task
Adler had more emphasis on
conscious > unconscious
Differed to Freud
- Personality
developed through
our life span
- Sex was not the main
motivator
- But we are more socially
motivated by our
relationships with others
(NOT in terms of
relationships with the
opposite sex but more in
terms of just with other
people)
Jung and Freud = unconscious
- Personality is a balancing
act between our
unconscious lives and
conscious lives
Differs to Freud:
- Personality develops in
second half of life
- Also agrees that sex is not
the primary motivator
- Shared unconsciousness
that exists within each of
us. (collective
unconscious)
- Ancestral memories =
archetypes
- Potential for self-
actualization
Feminist Psychologist
Emphasized the potential for growth
Similar to Freud
- Unconscious anxiety hamper
growth -> which came from
childhood
Disagreed with Freud
- If women have penis envy
- Men have womb envy
1) moving towards coping styles
2) Moving against coping styles
(combative / aggressive / assertive)
3) Moving away coping style (detached
/ isolated)
What has stuck from Freud
- Freud tried to tap into
o Dream analysis
o Free association
Modern day approaches to find out what is going on in our unconscious (11.9 textbook)
- Thematic apperception test
- Rorschach inkblot
- Rotter incomplete sentence

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Description
Personality 11.3 (textbook) Learning outcomes - Define Personality - Describe early approaches to personality o Hippocrates/Galen o Gall - Freud, personality, defence mechanisms o Alder (inferiority complex) o Erikson o Jung (collective/individual unconscious) o Horney (penis envy) o How is personality measured (11.9 textbook) Neo-Freudians Alfred Adler Erik Erikson Carl Jung Karen Horney Same as Freud Personality Differed to Freud Jung and Freud = unconscious Feminist Psychologist developed in childhood - Personality - Personality is a balancing Emphasized the potential for growth developed through act between our Similar to Freud Unconscious and conscious our life span unconscious lives and - Unconscious anxiety hamper - Sex was not the main conscious lives growth -> which came from Adler found Freud misogynistic motivator Differs to Freud: childhood - But we are more socially - Personality develops in Disagreed with Freud Differing from Freud motivated by our second half of life - If women have penis envy - Sex was not the primary motivator relationships with others - Also agrees that sex is not - Men have womb envy - fear of inadequacy (NOT in terms of the primary motivator 1) moving towards coping styles - Inferiority complex we dont relationships with the - Shared unconsciousness 2) Moving against coping styles measure up to the standards of opposite sex but more in that exists within each of (combative / aggressive / assertive) society terms of just with other us. (collective 3) Moving away coping style (detached people) unconscious) / isolated) Social flavor - Ancestral memories = archetypes When we reach different parts of our - Potential for self- lives, we have certain milestones we actualization have to reach: 1. Occupational tasks/ societal tasks/ love task Adler had more emphasis on conscious > unconscious What has stuck from Freud - Freud tried to tap into o Dream analysis o Free association Modern day approaches to find out what is going on in our unconscious (11.9 textbook) - Thematic apperception test - Rorschach inkblot - Rotter incomplete sentence
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