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Lecture 3

PSYC 102 Lecture 2: PSYC 102 001 - Tuesday, September 11, 2018

by OneClass1412375 , Fall 2018
2 Pages
64 Views
Fall 2018

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 102
Professor
Simon Lolliot
Lecture
3

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PSYC 102 001 L#2 September 11, 2018
Learning Outcomes:
1. Identify different fields of psychology by what they investigate and the major
figures:
Structuralism, Functionalism, Gestalt Psychology, Psychoanalytic
Psychology, Humanism, Biopsychology, Evolutionary psychology,
Developmental Psychology, Sensation, and Perception, social
Psychology, Clinical, & Counselling Psychology
Don’t need to memorize all the dates unless specified
2. Distinguish between research and applied approaches in psychology
3. Define Psychology
STRUCTURALISM (1873-1920) Individual Parts of the Mind
Wilhelm Wundt:
- First experimental psychology lab (1879)
- Psychology = “the scientific study of the conscious experience
- “Atoms of the mind” = structure of conscious experience
- Introspection - Internal Perception
o An objective examination of one’s conscious experience
o People were trained to do so
o Used reaction times
- Wrote Principles of Physiological Psychology (1873)
Edward Titchener:
- Wundt’s Protogé & real pioneer behind Structuralism
- Introspection Self-observation
o Problem because it was Inevitably subjective
o Psychological experiences, love, etc..
o Not a duck instead describe as soft to touch, fluffy..
FUNCTIONALISM (1876 1920) Look at the Whole Mind
William James:
- What is the “function of behavior”? What role does thought play?
- “Why “do we do things?
- Thoughts are adaptive (Darwinian approach) & conserved throughout
the evolutionary process
- Wrote the first textbook Principles of Psychology (1890)
PSYCHOANALYSIS (1884 2017) Clinical branch: outgrowth of medicine, psychoses
Sigmund Freud
- Observed Josef Breur’s work with Anna O who suffered from severe
coughing, paralysis on right side of body, disturbances of vision,
hearing, and speech, hallucinations, loss of consciousness
- Resulted in the birth of “Talk Therapy” & resolving unconscious
tensions brought about by past relationships
- Private practice in nervous disorders
GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY (1916-2017) WHOLE MIND (is different from its parts)
Fathers of Gestalt Psychology: Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Köhler
Gestalt = Whole
If shown a photo of a crosswalk we relate it to the Beatles because memory
influences our perceptions
BEHAVIOURISM (1920) Humans are complex machines
Main Figures: Ivan Pavlov (Classical Conditioning), B.F. Skinner (Operant
Conditioning), John Watson
Interested in behavior but not emotions
Stimulus-Response Experiments, Reward/Punishment for actions
MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY (1920 2018) One Psychology does not fit all
Effects of culture or psychology where/ are understudied
Not only differences in mean level of traits (i.e. extraversion) but different
causes & effects
Frances Cecil Sumner: first African American to receive a PhD in 1920
- Intelligence tests
- Psychoanalysis Freud & Adler
HUMANIST PSYCHOLOGY (1950 2017) Potential for good & growth
Freud = too pessimistic; Behaviorism = too reductionistic
Maslow:
- Hierarchy of needs, jump up
pyramid when satisfied
Rogers:
- Client centered therapy but
therapist does NOT interpret
anything
- Unconditional positive regard
-
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY (1050) Focused on Mental Processes
Perceive, Process, & Remember information
What do the following fields study?
Biopsychology:
- Biology ~ Behaviour; Short term
- Behaviour is based in physiology, looks as environment as well
- Ex. Can’t be a good mathematician if no school and books
Evolutionary Psychology
- Biology ~ Behaviour
- Longer Period of time
Developmental Psychology:
- How do we develop/ grow across time
- Physical development; cognitive, social, moral

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Description
PSYC 102 001 L2 September 11, 2018 GESTALT PSYCHOLOGY (19162017) WHOLE MIND (is different from its parts) Fathers of Gestalt Psychology: Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Khler Learning Outcomes: Gestalt = Whole 1. Identify different fields of psychology by what they investigate and the major If shown a photo of a crosswalk we relate it to the Beatles because memory figures: influences our perceptions Structuralism, Functionalism, Gestalt Psychology, Psychoanalytic Psychology, Humanism, Biopsychology, Evolutionary psychology, BEHAVIOURISM (1920) Humans are complex machines Developmental Psychology, Sensation, and Perception, social Main Figures: Ivan Pavlov (Classical Conditioning), B.F. Skinner (Operant Conditioning), John Watson Psychology, Clinical, Counselling Psychology Dont need to memorize all the dates unless specified Interested in behavior but not emotions 2. Distinguish between research and applied approaches in psychology StimulusResponse Experiments, RewardPunishment for actions 3. Define Psychology MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY (1920 2018) One Psychology does not fit all STRUCTURALISM (18731920) Individual Parts of the Mind Effects of culture or psychology where are understudied Wilhelm Wundt: Not only differences in mean level of traits (i.e. extraversion) but different First experimental psychology lab (1879) causes effects Psychology = the scientific study of the conscious experience Frances Cecil Sumner: first African American to receive a PhD in 1920 Atoms of the mind = structure of conscious experience Intelligence tests Introspection Internal Perception o An objective examination of ones conscious experience Psychoanalysis Freud Adler o People were trained to do so HUMANIST PSYCHOLOGY (1950 2017) Potential for good growth o Used reaction times Freud = too pessimistic; Behaviorism = too reductionistic Wrote Principles of Physiological Psychology (1873) Maslow: Hierarchy of needs, jump up Edward Titchener: pyramid when satisfied Wundts Protog real pioneer behind Structuralism Introspection Selfobservation Rogers: o Problem because it was Inevitably subjective Client centered therapy but o Psychological experiences, love, etc.. o Not a duck instead describe as soft to touch, fluffy.. therapist does NOT interpret anything FUNCTIONALISM (1876 1920) Look at the Whole Mind Unconditional positive regard William James: COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY (1050) Focused on Mental Processes What is the function of behavior? What role does thought play? Perceive, Process, Remember information Why do we do things? Thoughts are adaptive (Darwinian approach) conserved throughout the evolutionary process What do the following fields study? Biopsychology: Wrote the first textbook Principles of Psychology (1890) Biology ~ Behaviour; Short term PSYCHOANALYSIS (1884 2017) Clinical branch: outgrowth of medicine, psychoses Behaviour is based in physiology, looks as environment as well Sigmund Freud Ex. Cant be a good mathematician if no school and books Observed Josef Breurs work with Anna O who suffered from severe coughing, paralysis on right side of body, disturbances of vision, Evolutionary Psychology Biology ~ Behaviour hearing, and speech, hallucinations, loss of consciousness Longer Period of time Resulted in the birth of Talk Therapy resolving unconscious tensions brought about by past relationships Developmental Psychology: How do we develop grow across time Private practice in nervous disorders Physical development; cognitive, social, moral
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