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Introduction to social, personality, and clinical psychology.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 102
Professor
Maria Weatherby
Semester
Winter

Description
Introduction to social, personality, and clinical psychology Definition of psychology: • The scientific study of overt behavior and covert thoughts and feelings o Overt behavior: observable behavior o Covert thoughts and feelings: thoughts and feelings that cannot be seen, observed externally • The science of behavior and mental processes o Behavior = “observable behavior” in psychology History of psychology: • New science • Multidisciplinary • Numerous sub areas Psychologists: • Work in many different areas: schools, hospitals, government agencies, private practice, etc. o o 34%: colleges/universities o 13%: government and business o 24.5%: hospitals/clinics o 2.9%: other o 22%: private practice Behavior and environment: • Person: genetics • Environment: experience • Behavior not entirely result of experiences one has had since birth (Carl Jung) • Humans not that unique compared to other organisms in the world • Humans are products of interaction between us and environment o Ex. planet as a single organism: humans are a small component • Humans are more sensitive to the colors blue and green o These colors relate to nature: the environment that humans would have lived in many years ago • Present­day: humans more extracted from natural environments (ex. Cities) Key issues or themes in psychology: • Stability vs. change o Is behavior stable or changeable? o Much of human behavior is stable (ex. Behavior in social situations) • Relationship between behavior and rational thought o Some behavior is thought out whereas some behavior is more reactive to certain situations • Nature and nurture o Behavioral development based on experiences Perspectives: • Biological (neuroscience, behavioral genetics, evolutionary) o Behavior caused by genetics • Behavioral o Focus on environment that a person has grown up in o Majority of behavior can be explained by a person’s past experiences (especially early childhood  experiences) • Cognitive o Behavior is result of experience: styles of thinking as a result of past exper
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