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Lecture 12

PSYC 305 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: 18 Months, Ingroups And Outgroups, Discovery LifePremium

5 pages118 viewsWinter 2017

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 305
Professor
David King
Lecture
12

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Self
Person’s essential being that distinguishes them from others
Especially considered as the object of introspection or reflexive action
How you see yourself
Kohut
Understand self by thinking it in various form
Is there such a thing as an authentic or true self
Often worry or recall that you weren’t yourself just now
Due to stress, environmental factor, pressure, fatigue
Following your desired career path
What’s the outcome and impact of being true self and being ought self
Being ought self can add to stress
Psychological repressed desire that impact us
Either positively and negatively
Self-determined whether true self exists or not
Up to you to figure your true self
True self is not stable
According to what you feel
Carl Rogers
Self actualization is the result of figuring it out ideal self
Unable to express true self
Immigrants unable to express heritage culture
Someone in prison?
Due to societal norm
LGBTQ+
Women
Peer pressure
High correlation with honesty-humility
Dissecting self
The I as the active observer
The Me as observed in the mirror
The duality of self
William James
The I
Self-consciousness
Acute self awareness
Aware self as a person
Awareness if the foundation of self
w/o it
No social identity
Etc
The Me
Describe certain traits that can be associated with self
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Social category
How you see yourself
Private internal ability to think about self as a human being
Emergence of Self-conscious
Rouge test/mirror test
Younger than 18 months
Can’t tell that the one in the mirror is self
By about 18 months
Notice the red dot
Linked between images in the mirror and self
Not valid cross-culturally
Non-westerns children don’t pass random recognition of the red
dot even after 18 months
Why
Less emphasis on individualism and independence
Less emphasis on using mirrors
Self-consciousness uniquely human?
It is in Eurasian magpie
Trying to get rid of the yellow dot
They know that the images in the mirror are self
Others mammals pass it too
Chimpanzee
Elephants
Dolphins
Ants
Species with highly complex tools like language, complex social
relationship and group and hierarchy
Raymond Neubauer
Greater individuation, higher genecy toward greater individualism,
individual differences, and personality is much more relevant
Self-concept
Descriptive component of the self
The way we describe self in terms of physical, psychological, personality,
moral traits,interests, abstract stuff, social identities, etc
Self-schemas
Schema
Cognitive knowledge structures
Mental concepts
A filter through which you see life and experience
Different across people
Similar one but still perceive differently according to
experience
Help to integrate and understand new info
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