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Gestalt psychology.docx

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PSYC 312
Andrea Perrino

Gestalt psychology The whole; not the pieces Lets sum these parts German protest to wundt’s principles (same time as rise in behaviourism) Roots in kant, mach, ehrenfels (form qualities), stumf – phrenomenology, JS Mill (mental chemistry), Wurzburg, James (stream of consciousness) Space form and time form Experience things from top down, not bottom up Zeitgeist: new physics of whole, fields, patterns Nazi (1933) – jewish professors dismissed, academics fled persecution/emigrated to US, lack of funds, theories published only if agreed with political authority Gestalt goal: investigate organization of mental activity, exact nature of person environment interactions Eventually called for intellectual revolution, although not readily accepted in mainstream psych Some personal conflicts resulted (esp with beh.) ...led to influence on teaching/learning practices, humanistic and cognitive psych study... Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka (introduced Gestalt to the US), Wolfgang Kohler (patterns; became spokesperson for Gestalt in the states) Gestalt described.. Gestalt: no one English word=configuration, form, holistic structure, pattern, shape, whole... ...not reductionist, pure observation (beh.); it invol
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