Intro to History of Psychology… Why Study This Stuff?
Why study this stuff? Rationale..
historical focus unique
area of specialization
reflect/utilize in psychology career
avoid mistakes, improve existing research
anticipate future directions
Rationale for studying history of psychology
synthesizes disparate elements
emphasizes relationships that make the whole area cohesive
understand origins of jargon and technologies
trace ideas and developments
appreciation people, events and experiences
links characters to classical theories, schools, thought
interesting and exciting
Data and History
History = interpretive study of events of the past
Historiography= “the principles, methods, and philosophical issues of historical research”
Where does the data come from?
Written, photos, newspapers, auditory, equipment/apparatus, personal effects
Is it accurate? Not necessarily…it could be:
Lost, Altered, suppressed, ignored, distorted, self-serving adaptation, bias
THUS, we use multiple sources and accept that this is all we have..
Approaches to scientific history
1. Personalistic theory
2. Naturalistic theory
3. Historical development Understanding History = Understanding Contextual Forces The zeitgeist: “the intellectual and cultural climate or
spirit of the times.” (economic, war, prejudice..present infuences)
Schools of thought ; the evolution of modern psychology
School of th