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psyc 314 cardiovascular disease.doc

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 314
Frances Chen

Psyc 314 Cardiovascular disease Questions from last week: % of canadians who are smokers: 17% (20% men, 14% women) Alcohol drinkin recommendations: women (2 drinks a day, 10 drinks a week) men (3 drinks a day, 15 drinks a week) Cardiovascular disease: types of cardiovascular and related diseses: Coronary heart disease: disease causes by narrowing of coronary arteries (atherosclerosis) causing blood vessels to not bring as much oxygen into heart as it should Hypertension: high blood pressure (140/90 for blood pressure value is hypertension) Stroke: brain deprived of blood and oxygen for a period of time. Disruption of blood flow to the brain. Could be from rupture in blood vessel Diabetes: disease related to production of insulin. type I: autoimmune disease, body cells dont produce enough insulin. type II: body produces insulin but cells aren't responsive to insulin. Both involve either insulin resistance or problems with secretion of insulin Hostility: • Tendency to experience anger • Irritability in response to everyday events • Belief that others will mistreat you • React to events with rudeness, uncooperativeness Hostility/ hostile: aggressive, mean spirited, easy to anger 4 components: 1. tendency to experience anger: respond easily with anger 2. irritability in response to everyday events 3. belief that others will mistreat you: underlying belief about the world that if given the opportunity, people will mistreat them and cause them harm in some way 4. react to events with rudeness, uncooportativeness How does hostility affect health? Suarez (1989): • Suarez & Williams, Psychosomatic Medicine, 1989 • Selected high and low hostile undergrads • Given puzzles to solve -without harrassment -with harrassment • Measured HR, BP to puzzles, and during recovery undergraduate students either low or high in hostility (found this out through a questionnaire) put them in acute stressor test (puzzles which had to be rearranged to make a work) participants did this either with or without harassment (researcher/ experimenter being rude and implying that the persons incompetent) measured HR and blood pressure during the task and during recovery period (task was 4 minutes, after its over does it remain elevated or does it go down after the completion of the task---10 minutes after task) Results: they found that those who are high is hostility responded more strongly to the harassed conditions. During the task: much higher blood pressure response for hostile persons who are harassed compared to hostile persons who arent harassed. Before the task everyone had similar blood pressure.After the task: ten minutes after the task ended the highest blood pressure is still the hostile group that has been harassed Is anything beneficial for hostile individuals? Benefits of social support? would having a significant other benefit those who are hostile? Can social support help hostile individuals? Vella (2008): • Vella, Health Psychology, 2008 • Healthy adults completed hosti
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