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Psyc 320 Lecture 57.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

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Psyc 320 Lecture 57 By the end of today’s class you should be able to: 1. Review health behaviours that may contribute to sex differences in mortality and morbidity 2. Explain the greater susceptibility to alcohol-related impairments among females than males What factors account for sex differences in health? Cont c) Alcohol and other drug use: The prevalence of alcohol and other drug use has declined in Canada in recent years (Statistics Canada, 2008). Males are more likely than females to consume alcohol and illicit drugs; females are more likely than males to consume psychoactive pharmaceutical drugs. Sex differences in alcohol and other drug use have decreased over the last several decades. Decrease for both sexes for use of varied drugs (illicit drug use has decreased significantly) Males are more likely to use alcohol and illicit drugs Females tend to employ more psychoactive drugs Males are more likely than females to be alcohol and or illicit drug dependent Females are more vulnerable to the acute and chronic effects of alcohol and other drugs (Nolen- Hoeksema & Hill, 2006; Roth et al., 2004): Females become more quickly addicted to alcohol and drugs than males and experience more adverse health consequences (e.g., brain atrophy) from alcohol than males. Females are more likely than males to receive treatment for drug abuse. Sex difference in drug use is decreasing (today in adolescence there is no sex differences in alcohol and illicit drug use—there is a difference after adolescence though) Stats from Canada: higher rate of alcohol consumption among males. 24% of males report having engaged in heavy drinking in the past 12 months, females report 10%; with respect to binge drinking (more than 5 drinks on one occasion) 31% of males, and 15% of females report binge drinking in the past 30 days Men drink more than females and when they do drink they drink more than females. Females report having more consequences from drinking (both physical and social) Females drink less than males (this is the case across cultures): perhaps males turn to alcohol as a means to cope with stress. Female gender role attached to maternal care; alcohol assumption limits the ability to provide maternal care. Society looks down upon females drinking as they will be seen as not fit mothers. Religiosity: women are more religious and religions often prohibit the consumption of alcohol Males are more likely to be diagnosed with alcoholism (having been drunk or hung over at work or while caring for kids, drinking more than you intend, increased tolerance, strong desire to drink which cannot be resisted)—three times higher among males than females Higher rates of drug addiction among males than females—males twice as likely to be addicted to illicit drugs Rates of abuse of pharmaceutical drugs most common in persons age 15-24 Females report more detrimental health effects (both acute and chronic) in r
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