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Lecture 6

Psyc 320 lecture 63.docx

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

Psyc 320 lecture 63 By the end of today’s class you should be able to: 1. Identify risk factors for eating disorders 2. Describe body dysmorphia and muscle dysmorphia 3. Review the diagnostic criteria for personality disorders listed in the DSM 4. Discuss sex differences in rates of personality disorders 5. Identify gender biases in the diagnostic criteria for personality disorders Are there sex differences in eating disorders? (cont) 4. psychological factors: people diagnosed with eating disorders display a lack of autonomy associated with unmitigated communion, lack of control (as adolescence emerges lack of control is stronger for females as they learn of the passivity of their role and get eating disorders as a means to gain control), lack of self esteem, striving for perfection and achievement (perfectionism between age 12-18 is a meaningful predictor of eating disorders), depression (occurs more frequently among females) and anxiety. Eating disorders are associated with a lack of autonomy, a lack of control, a lack of self-esteem, strivings for perfection and achievement, depression, and anxiety. 5. societal factors: media, parental and peer pressure. Media, parental, and peer pressure have been linked to eating disorders in both females and males. Media: negative source of body image, viewing magazines for both females and males is associated with greater dissatisfaction (after looking at magazines, the sexes feel less satisfied with their body and show concern for their weight) Parents who emphasize body weight (their own of their kid’s weight) serve as a negative role model for their children Peers: females engage in fat talk with their peers and this contributes to body dissatisfaction In sororities binge eating is positively correlated with popularity Amongst males muscle dysmorphia is seen: they show dissatisfaction with the amount of muscle they have. This possibly falls within the OCD spectrum; significant increase in muscle mass among action figures ac
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