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Lecture 6

Psyc 320 lecture 64.docx

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PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

Psyc 320 lecture 64 By the end of today’s class you should be able to: 1. Discuss sex differences in rates of suicide and suicide attempts 2. Identify factors associated with suicide among males and females 3. Explain the gender paradox related to suicide 4. Discuss methodological artifacts that may contribute to sex differences in mental health Are there sex differences in suicide? Suicide is the second leading cause of death for people b/n ages 15 and 24, death due to accidents is the number 1 cause. Rates of suicide are higher amongst males than females across the lifespan, Males over the age of 85 are much larger than suicides among women of this age (this is thought to be caused by a loss of social support) Both sexes use fire arms more than other methods of suicide; however, males are more likely than females to use firearms. Females are more likely than males to use poison For any given method, suicide attempts are more likely to be fatal among males than females Males are more successful at committing suicide than females no matter what method is employed Some factors linked to someone wanting to take their own life: Depression: linked to suicide among both sexes Marital status: people who are single or divorced are more likely to commit suicide. Males who are unmarried are at a greater risk than females who are unmarried. The group most at risk of committing suicide is single white males who are widowed or divorced Unemployment: association b/n unemployment and suicide stronger among males than females. This shows the burden of having to be the breadwinner as a facet of the male gender role Social status: this is particularly the case for females. In countries where women have low status, they are more likely to live in poverty, and the rates of suicide among females are relatively high for these countries that do not hold both sexes as equal Sexual orientation: gay males are more likely to commit suicide than lesbians In china females are committing suicide at a higher rate than males (one of the only two countries around the world where the sex ratio is reversed)—females have lower status than males, there are hig
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